English Grammar Exercises

Tuesday, March 23, 2021

Enough and Too

Enough After Adjectives And Adverbs 


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Enough and Too Exercises







Enough and Too Exercises/Worksheets
Enough and Too Exercises


The Meaning of Too and Enough

Too is used to express that there is more of a thing or quality than is desirable or acceptable. Enough is used to indicate there is sufficient of a thing or quality.

Function

 Too and enough have more or less the opposite meaning. Too is used to modify the degree of adjectives and adverbs, to mean excessive. On the contrary, although enough is also used to modify the degree of adjectives and adverbs, it means sufficient or the right amount or quality. Different from too, enough can also be used to modify nouns.

Enough After Adjectives and Adverbs

We usually use enough  after adjectives and adverbs. Let's see the following examples.
  • He didn't get the job because he wasn't old enough. (not 'enough old')
  • We won't be rich if we don't work hard enough.
  • She's not old enough to work in the factory.

Enough Before Nouns

We also can use enough before a noun. Let's see the following examples.
  • I don't have enough money to buy the car.
  • We just have three eggs for a week. We don't have enough eggs.
  • Please put enough salt into the soup!

Enough Can Stand Alone

Sometimes we use enough alone without a noun or an adjective. Let's see the following examples.
  • I'll lend you some money if you don't have enough.
  • "Do you need some more sugar?" "No, I have enough."

Enough Followed By "For Something" Or "For Someone"

Enough can be followed by for someone / something. Let's see the following examples.
  • I  haven't got enough money for the wedding party.
  • He wasn't good enough for the job.
  • This shirt is big enough for my big brother.

Enough Followed By To Infinitive

  • I don't have enough money to get married. (not 'for getting')
  • He wasn't strong enough to do the job.
  • She's only thirteen. She's not old enough to work in this factory. 
  • The weather wasn't nice enough to go swimming.

Too Followed By An Adjective Or An Adverb

Too can be followed by an adjective or an adverb. Let's see the following examples.
  • I don't like the soup. It's too hot. ( adjective )
  • Don't work too hard! ( adverb )

Too + Adjective/Adverb Followed By For Someone/Something

Too + adjective can be followed by for someone/something. Let's see the following examples.
  • The soup is too hot for me.
  • The weather is too cold for swimming.
  • He's too short for the job.
  • He speaks too loudly for me.

Too + Adjective/Adverb Followed By To Infinitive

Too + Adjective can be followed by to infinitive. Let's see the following examples.
  • That picture is too heavy to hang on the wall
  • I had to carry my wallet in my hand. It was too big to put in my pocket.
  • The water was too dirty to swim in. 
  • The thief drove his car too fast to catch.

More Examples

  1. You won't get rich if you don't work smartly enough.
  2. You won't get rich  if you work too stupidly.
  3. I can't marry her because she's too young.
  4. I can't marry her because she's not old enough.
  5. I haven't got enough money to buy the car.
  6. I am too poor to buy the car.
  7. The coffee is too hot for me.
  8. The coffee is hot enough for him.
  9. He's not old enough to work in the factory.
  10. He's too young to work in the factory.
  11. There isn't enough food for the family to eat.
  12. There is too little food for the family to eat.

Enough and Too Exercises

Exercise I

Complete the sentences with enough or too!
  1. She's ... young to get married. 
  2. Do you have ... money to buy this motorbike?
  3. The coffee is ... hot for me to drink.
  4. The girl is tall ... to reach the baggage.
  5. Can you give ... time to finish this project?
  6. The suitcase is ....heavy for the boy to lift.
  7. I am old ....to watch this movie.
  8. Don't be .... shy. Please, speak up.
  9. I was not accepted to be a policeman because I am .... short.
  10. He's old ... to work here.

Exercise II

Combine two sentences into one using too or enough. 
Example : I couldn't drink the tea. It was too hot. (too)
You write : The tea was too hot for me to drink.
  1. I couldn't eat the food. It was too sour. (too)
  2. The boy can't work here. He is not tall enough. (enough)
  3. Five people can't live in this house. The house is too small. (too)
  4. I can't walk to school. The school is too far. (too)
  5. He can't finish this job alone. He is too lazy. (too)

Exercise III

Rewrite the following sentences using the word in parentheses.
Example:
I am too short to reach the guava on the tree. (enough)
You write: I am not tall enough to reach the guava on the tree.

  1. I don't have enough strength to knock him out. (too) .............................................
  2. She's not old enough to get married this year. (too) ....................................................
  3. He's not rich enough to buy the ranch. (too) ..............................................................
  4. Is the room too hot for you? (enough)  ........................................................................
  5. The bed is too narrow for two of us. (enough) .......................................................
  6. The child is too short to sit on that chair. (enough) ............................................
  7. The village is too busy for me to live in. (enough) .......................................................
  8. The room is too small for the party. (enough) .......................................................
  9. I was too far to hear everything she said. (enough) .............................................
  10. The road was too busy for us to cross. (enough) 


Answer 

Exercise I

  1. She's too young to get married. 
  2. Do you have enough money to buy this motorbike?
  3. The coffee is too hot for me to drink.
  4. The girl is tall enough to reach the baggage.
  5. Can you give enough time to finish this project?
  6. The suitcase is too heavy for the boy to lift.
  7. I am old enough to watch this movie.
  8. Don't be too shy. Please, speak up.
  9. I was not accepted to be a policeman because I am too short.
  10. He's old enough to work here.

Exercise II

  1. The food was too sour for me to eat.
  2. The boy is not tall enough to work here.
  3. The house is too small for five people to live in.
  4. The school is too far for me to walk.
  5. He can't finish this job alone. He is too lazy to finish this job alone.

Exercise III

  1. I am too weak to knock him out.
  2. She's too young to get married this year.
  3. He's too poor to buy the ranch. 
  4. Is the room cool/cold enough for you?
  5. The bed is not wide enough for two of us.
  6. The child is too short to sit on that chair. The child is not tall enough to sit on that  chair.
  7. The village is too busy for me to live in. The village is not quiet enough for me to live in.
  8. The room is not large enough for the party.
  9. I wasn't close enough to hear everything she said.
  10. The road wasn't  quiet enough for us to cross.







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Friday, February 26, 2021

Used To


Used to is used to express habits in the past.

Examples

  • This is Jack. He gave up smoking two years ago. He no longer smokes. But he used to smoke. He used to smoke 40 cigarettes a day.
He used to smoke means that he smoked regularly for some time in the past, but he doesn't smoke now :

We use used to with the infinitive (used to do/ used to smoke etc.) to say that something regularly happened in the past but no longer happens. Let's see the following examples :
  • I used to play tennis a lot, but now I'm too lazy.
  • Do you go to the cinema very often?'  'Not now, but I used to.'

We also use used to for past situations (which no longer exist). Let's see the following examples :

  • we used to live in a small village but now we live in Jakarta.
  • This building is now a furniture shop. It used to be a cinema

Used to + infinitive is always past. There is no present. You
cannot say   'I use to do'.  For the present ' use the present simple (I do). Let's see the following examples !

 Past Present
 He used to smoke.
 I used to live.
 There used to be ....
 He smokes.
 I  live.
 There is .....


The normal question form is did ... use to ...? Let's see the following examples :

  • Did you use to eat a lot of sweets when you were a child?
The negative form is didn't use to ... (or  'used not to'). Let's see the following examples :

  • Jack didn't use to go  out very often until he met Jane.
Be careful not to confuse I used to do and I am used to doing. Structures and meanings are different. Let's see the following examples !
  • I used  to live alone . (= I lived alone but no longer live alone.)
  • I am used to living alone .(= I live alone and don't find it strange or new because I've been living alone for some time.)

Used to Exercises

Used to Exercises


Exercise I

Complete the sentences below with used to  and a correct word!

  1. Your mother doesn't cry so much now but she ................ every day before you came back .
  2. She ................... my  girlfriend but now I am married to someone else.
  3. We live in Bandung now but we ............... in Jakarta.
  4. Now there's only one woman in my heart but there.............. three.
  5. When I was a child I ................. football, but I don't like it now.

Exercise II

Use your imagination to complete the table describing Jack's habit at twenties and at sixties. Use the phrases provided. Number 1 has been done for you.
get up early, work in an office, go to night clubs, sing rock songs, travel a lot, have a lot of meetings, smoke, go to bed early, have lunch out, spend a lot of time with friends

 At Twenties  (the past)       At Sixties (now)
1. He used to get up early.
2. 
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.


1. He gets up late.



Answer

Exercise I

  1. Your mother doesn't cry so much now but she used to cry   every day before you came back.
  2. She used to be my girlfriend but now I am married to someone else.
  3. We live in Bandung now but we used to live  in Jakarta.
  4. Now there's only one woman in my heart but there used to be three.
  5. When I was a child I used to play   football, but I don't like it now.

Exercise II


 At Twenties  (the past)       At Sixties (now)
1. He used to get up early.
2. He used to work in an office.
3. He used to go to night clubs.
4. He used to sing rock songs.
5. He used to travel a lot. 
6. He used to have a lot of meeting.
7. He used to smoke.
8. He never used to go to bed early.
9. He used to have lunch out.
10. He used to spend a lot of time with friends.


1. He gets up late.

2. He doesn't work anymore.
3. He stays at home at night.
4. He doesn't sing any songs.
5. He stays at home a lot.
6. He hardly has a meeting.
7. He doesn't smoke.
8. He goes to bed early.
9. He has lunch at home.
10. He spends a lot of time with his wife.

 



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Used To + Ing

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I'm used to something = it is not new or strange for me. Let's see the following examples.
  • Igor lives alone. He doesn't mind this because he has lived alone for 15 years. So he is used to it. He is used to living alone.
  • My new shoes felt a bit strange at first because I wasn't used to them.
  • Our new flat is on a very busy street. I expect we'll get used to the noise but at the moment we find it very disturbing.
  • Fred has a new job. He has to get up much earlier at 6.00.  He find this difficult at present because he isn't used to getting up so early .
  • Igor is used to living alone. (not Igor is used to live alone.)

The Difference Between used to + infinitive  and used to + ing/something.

Do not confuse I am used to doing  with I used to do. They are different in structure and in meaning. to be  used to + ing means isn't strange for me.
  • I am used to (doing)something.
  • I am used to the weather in this country
  • I am used to driving on the left because I've lived in Britain for a long time.

I used to do something means that I did something regularly in the past.  You can 't use this structure for the present.  Let's see the following examples.
  • These days I usually stay in bed until late. But when I had a job, I used to get up early.
  • When I was single, I used to walk very fast. Now I don't. My wife walks very slowly.

Used To Ing Exercises

Used To Ing Exercises


Exercise I

Choose the correct words/phrases in the bracket.
  1. When I was a child, ( I used to go, I am used to going ) swimming in the river.
  2. Johny once went to Alaska. It was too cold for him. ( He was not used to living, He didn't use to live ) in cold temperature.
  3. I'm American. ( I'm used to driving, I used to drive ) on the right.
  4. My best friend ( is used to drinking , used to drink ) tea when he was a child.
  5. I ( am used to, used to ) the weather in this country. So, I feel comfortable with it.
  6. When my father was young, he (used to, was used to) be rock singer.
  7. He's the boss. He isn't used to (be, being) told what to do.
  8. It takes a while for people to get used to (live, living) in a new way.
  9. There used to (be, being) a popular cinema by the supermarket but it was bankrupt a few years ago.
  10. I (am used to loving, used to love) her but now I don't since she betrayed me.

Exercise II

Write a sentence with be/get used to based on the situation provided. Use the word in the bracket.
Example: 
Teddy lives in a big city. He's okay with it. He has lived in the city for a long time. (live) _____________________________
Teddy is used to living in a big city.
  1. Ben lives alone. He doesn't mind it. He's been single all his life.  (live) ____________________________________
  2. Yanto went to Oslo last year. It was too cold for him. (cold weather)       ____________________________________
  3. Michael has just got a job. He never gets up early. (get up)    ____________________________________
  4. Ann has no problem driving on the left. She has lived in Britain a long time. (drive)         ____________________________________
  5. Pinto never lives in a small village. He's not happy with a quiet life. (live)        ____________________________________

Answer

Exercise I

  1. I used
  2. He wasn't used to living
  3. I'm used to driving
  4. used to drink
  5. am used to
  6. used to
  7. being
  8. living
  9. be
  10. used to love

Exercise II

Different answers are possible.
  1. Ben is used to living alone.
  2. Yanto is not used to (living in) cold weather.
  3. Michael is not used to getting up early.
  4. Ann is used to driving on the left.
  5. Pinto is not used to living in a small village.






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Must Have Can't Have Exercises

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Must Have and Can't Have Exercises


Exercise I


Complete these sentences using must (have) … or can’t (have) …!

Examples: 

Is she Indonesian?  Yes, she must be Indonesian.

Did Jack see you? No, he can’t have seen me.

  1. Are they married? Yes, they must ………………………………………

  2. Is she serious ? No, she can’t…………………………………

  3. Were they  in a hurry ? Yes, they………………………………….

  4. Does Helen know  Jack?  Yes, she ………………………………………

  5. Did Michael know about the news ? Yes, he ………………………………………

  6. Do Brian and Amanda have much money ? No, they ………………………………………

  7. Was John driving carefully ? No, he ………………………………………

  8. Are they waiting for the teacher ? Yes, they  ……………………………………….

 

Exercise II

Complete these sentences with  must or can’t + a suitable verb.

Example: She’s  been travelling all day.  She must be very tired.


  1. Bill has got a lot of  houses, cars and helicopters.  He …………...… a lot of money.

  2. I wonder who is knocking at the door. It ………………………Paul. He said he would come at 8 o’clock. And it’s 8 o’clock now.

  3. I wonder why John isn’t at work today. I suppose he …………..ill.

  4. Budi seems to know a lot about history.  He ………………………… a lot of books .

  5. Matt’s putting on this jacket. He ………………… out.


Exercise III

Read a situation and write an appropriate sentence with must have or can’t  have. Use the words in brackets.

Example: The bell rang but she didn’t hear it. (She must/be/asleep )

She must have been asleep.


  1. That watch you bought has a very good quality. (it must/be/very expensive)  It must ………………………………………………………………

  2. I haven’t seen  Jane  for ages. (she must /go/away)  She ………………………………………………………………

  3. I wonder  where  my Iphone  is. (you must/leave/it in the office) …………………………………………………………………

  4. George  passed the examination. He didn’t study very much for  it. (the exam can’t/be/very difficult) …………………………………………………………………

  5. He knew everything about our plans. (He must/listen/to our conversation) …………………………………………………………………


Answer

Exercise I 

  1. Yes, they must be married.

  2. No, she can't be serious.

  3. Yes, they must have been in a hurry.

  4. Yes, she must know him.

  5. Yes, he must have known about it.

  6. No, they can't have much money.

  7. No, he must have driven the car carelessly./No, he mustn't have driven the car carefully.

  8. Yes, they can/must wait for the teacher.

Exercise II

  1. must have

  2. must be

  3. must be

  4. must have

  5. must go

Exercise III

  1. It must have been very expensive.

  2. She must have gone away.

  3. I must have left it in the office.

  4. The exam can't have been very difficult.

  5. He must have listened to our conversation.


Download/print the exercises above in Google Drive.







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Thursday, February 25, 2021

So and Too

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Both so and too can be used differently. It depends on the situations.

Too For Agreement

We can use too to agree with someone. We use too to avoid repeating what someone says to us. In this case, the statement must be a positive sentence. Let's see the following examples.

 Someone Says  You Say
 I'm happy with his performance. I am too.
 I  like his performance. I do too.
 I went to the football match yesterday. I did too.
 I have seen her lately. I have too.
 I had had that food before we visited Nice. I had too.
 I can speak German. I can too.
 I will see her again. I will too.
 I was slim when I was young. I was too.

So For Agreement

We can use so to agree with someone. We use so to avoid repeating what someone says to us. In this case, the statement must be a positive sentence. Let's see the following examples.

 Someone Says  You Say
 I'm  happy with his performance.So am I.
 I like his performance.So do I.
 I went to the football match yesterday.So did I.
 I have seen her lately.So have I.
 I had had that food before we visited Nice.So had I.
 I can  speak German.So can I.
 I will see her again.So will I.
 I was slim when I was young.So was I.

So and Too Exercises

Exercise I

Complete the sentences with so or too where appropriate.
  1. He knows her well, and .... do I.
  2. She can dance very well, and he can ....
  3. She often eats in that restaurant, and ... does her mother.
  4. Mr. Black is American, and ...is his boss.
  5. He will come and his wife will ....
  6. Mike loves boxing, and ....do his children.
  7. I was so tired last night, and my brother was ....
  8. He made some mistakes, and ... did I.

Exercise II

Complete the sentences below with the correct word.
  1. She likes to play games, and so .......her brother.
  2. I can play guitar well, and my brother .........too.
  3. My sister is tall, and so ........I.
  4. The teacher was happy, and so ..........the students.
  5. My mother went to work yesterday, and my father .........too.
  6. She's ever been to Venice, and so ..............I.
  7. We must obey the rules, and so ............they.
  8. The car is expensive, and the motorbike .......too.
  9. I want some oranges, and my sister ...........too.
  10. I saw the ghost, and so ............. the baby.

Exercise III

Agree with your friend using the words in the bracket. 
Example    : I  have a car. ( so )
You write  : So do I.

 Your Friend SaysYou Say
  1. I can drive a car. (too)
  2. I enjoyed the film much. (so)
  3. I've ever been to Nice. (so)
  4. I like dancing. (too)
  5. I will conceal it. (so)
  1. ....
  2. ....
  3. ....
  4. ....
  5. .....


Answer

Exercise I

  1. so
  2. too
  3. so
  4. so
  5. too
  6. so
  7. too
  8. so

Exercise II

  1. does
  2. can
  3. am
  4. were
  5. did
  6. have
  7. must
  8. is
  9. does
  10. did

Exercise III

 Your Friend SaysYou Say
  1. I can drive a car. (too )
  2. I enjoyed the film much. (so)
  3. I've ever been to Nice. (so)
  4. I like dancing. (too)
  5. I will conceal it. (so)
  1. I can too.
  2. So did I.
  3. So have I.
  4. I do too.
  5. So will I

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