English Grammar Exercises: March 2021

Wednesday, March 24, 2021

Question Tags

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We use questions tags ( a mini question ) on the end of our sentences to request for confirmation or to really ask questions. To see the difference, see the following explanations.

The Definition

Question tag is a mini question we put on the end of a sentence. Let's see the following example. The underlined words are the question tag.
  1. You haven't got a car, have you?
  2. It was a nightmare, wasn't it?
  3. She came home by taxi, didn't she?

Positive Sentences

When the main sentence is positive, we have to use negative question tag. Let's see the following example.
  1. Your boyfriend will be here soon, won't he?
  2. She goes to work by car, doesn't she?
  3. They were very sad, weren't they?
  4. You came home last night, didn't you?

Negative Sentences

When the main sentence is negative, we have to use positive question tag. Let's see the following example.
  1. Your girlfriend won't be here soon, will she?
  2. She doesn't like party, does she?
  3. They weren't very happy, were they?
  4. You didn't come home last night, did you?

The Meaning


The meaning of question tag depends on how we say it. If the voice goes down, we aren't really asking a question. We are only asking for confirmation or agreement.  If the voice goes up, it is a real question. We really want to know if the answer yes or no.

How To Answer And Its Meaning

The answer to a question tag can have two possibilities, "yes" or "no". Let's see the following example.
  1. You're not going to school today, are you?  Yes. ( = I am going ) or No ( = I'm not going. )
  2. You're going to school today, aren't you? Yes. (=I am going ) or No (=I'm not going. )

The Right Auxiliary

To determine the right auxiliary for question tags, we can see the following tables.

 Main Sentence     The Auxiliary For Question Tag
 Present Simple Tense
 Example : She goes to work by car.
 do    (  I, you, we, they )
 does (  he, she, it )
 Past Simple Tense
 Example : My father came home late last night.
 did  (  all subject )
 Present Perfect Tense
 Example : You have stopped smoking. She has gone home.
 have (  I, you, we, they )
 has   ( he, she, it )
 Present Continuous Tense
 Example : She is sleeping right now.
 are ( you )
 is   ( he, she, it )
 am ( I )
 Past Perfect Tense
 Example : She had got a luxurious house before she became an artist.
 had ( all subject )
 Sentences with modals
 Example :
 She will get cold.
 You can fly a helicopter.
 Depends on the modal in the main sentence.
can can't
will won't
shall shan't
should shouldn't
would wouldn't

The Imperative (Do/ Don't)

After the imperative "do" or "don't do", we use the tag "will you" or "won't you". Let's see the following example.
  1. Open the window, will you?
  2. Don't be noisy, will you?
  3. Get the phone for me, won't you?

Special Question Tags

Notice these special question tags.
  1. Let's dance, shall we?
  2. I'm late, aren't I?

The Words Making Positive Question Tags

If a sentence contains the following words, we have to use positive question tags. The words have negative sense. 
  1. never
  2. seldom
  3. hardly ever
Let's see the following example :
  1. She never comes late, does she?
  2. We seldom see our parents, do we?

Special Subject

If the subject of the main sentence is everybody, everyone, somebody, someone, nobody or no-one, we use subject they on the question tag.
Let's see the following example :
  1. Everybody loves her, don't they?
  2. Somebody entered our house last night, didn't they?

Question Tags Exercise

Question Tag Exercises
Question Tag Exercises


Exercise I

Put a correct question tag on the end of each sentence. 


  1. Your father's at home, ... ?

  2. Susan doesn't like chicken, ... ?

  3. I am funny, .......?

  4. You've got a camera, ... ?

  5. Your mother won't mind if I go early, ... ?

  6. There are a lot of people here, ... ?

  7. This is very boring, ... ?

  8. You wouldn't tell anyone, …?

  9. Listen, ... ?

  10. I shouldn't have got angry, ... ?

  11. She had gone home before we came here, ....?

  12. They had to go home, ... ?

  13. Everybody's happy, ...?

  14. She seldom sees her parents in the village, ...?

  15. Let's go,....?

Exercise II

Make a sentence with a correct question tag based on the situation given.

Example: Ask if John is going out.

Answer: John, you're going out, aren't you?


  1. Confirm if Andy knows where Tia is. ………………………………….

  2. Ask if Kaz has got a pen. ……………………………………..

  3. Confirm if Sally is still loving you. …………………………………….

  4. Confirm if your best friend has had lunch. ……………………………….

  5. Ask your brother, Jim, to close the door. ………………………………..

  6. Ask your boyfriend/girlfriend to eat out. ………………………………...

  7. Tell your sister not to be noisy. ……………………………………...

  8. Ask your Mom if there is some sugar in the fridge. ……………….

  9. Ask your friend to call you when he's reached his home. ….………

  10. Ask Emir to sing a song with you. ……………………………………..

Answer

Exercise I

  1. isn't he

  2. does she

  3. aren't I

  4. haven't you

  5. will he

  6. aren't there

  7. isn't it

  8. would you

  9. will/won't you

  10. should I

  11. hadn't she

  12. didn't they

  13. aren't they

  14. does she

  15. shall we


Exercise II


  1. Andy, you know where Tia is, don't you?

  2. Kaz, you've got a pen, haven't you?

  3. Sally, you're still loving me, aren't you?

  4. Hi, you've had your lunch, haven't you?

  5. Jim, close the door, will/won't you?

  6. Baby, let's eat out, shall we?

  7. Don't be noisy, will/won't you?

  8. Mom, there's some sugar in the fridge, isn't there?

  9. When you've reached home, call me, will/won't you

  10. Emir, Let's sing a song, shall we?





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Below And Under

The Similarity in Meaning

Below and under can both mean 'lower than'. In this case they are interchangeable.

Example

  • My mother always keeps the gas tank under/below the kitchen set. 
  • Look. Your pen is under/below your desk.

The Difference

In some cases it is preferable/better to use one to the other.

Under

Under is preferably used when we talk about something which indicates contact. It's usually covered/hidden. 

Examples

  1. She put the money under the mattress. (The money has a contact with the mattress, the money touches the mattress)
  2. The gold is buried under the ground. (The gold touches the ground)
Under is also used to express less than or younger than.

Examples

  1. Children under eighteen are not allowed to enter the building.
  2. There are under a  hundred people in this village. 

Below

Below is generally used when we talk about something which indicates no contact. It's not directly under something. There is a space between the two things or surfaces we are talking about.  

Examples

  1. The cat is sleeping below the table. (The cat doesn't touch the table.)
  2. There is a mole below his left eye. (The mole doesn't touch the eye.)
Below is also used in measurement of temperature, height, and a vertical scale.

Examples

  1. According to the weather forecast, the temperature of the village will be 5 degrees  below zero.
  2. Please hang this picture below the biggest one.
  3. Our apartment is two floors below hers.

Typical Phrases


 under              below
under a false name 
under a new name
under an obligation
under age
under arrest
under control
under current laws
under maintenance
under no circumstances
under new management
under one's breath
under pressure
under repair
under somebody
under suspicion
under the care of ....
under the direction of ...
under the weather
below average
below one's expectation
below par (below the standard expected)
below the horizon
below the sea level
below the top of the mountain

Below and Under Exercises

Exercise I

Complete the sentences with below or under.

  1. She hides all her money... the bed.
  2. Please hang the picture ... the clock. 
  3. We live ... the sky.
  4. My grandparents live around 100 metres ...the top of that hill.
  5. He is staying ............our room.
  6. They found gold .... the ground.
  7. Please hide this ........ the carpet.
  8. Can you remove the picture .......our family's photograph. It doesn't look good.
  9. The cat is hiding ..... the desk.
  10. The floor ..........that roof is wet. It's leaking somewhere.

Exercise II

Complete the phrases with below or under.
  1. .........no circumstances, you should enter that room.
  2. I can't make any decisions because I am ..... Mr. Black. He's the boss.
  3. He's very poor. His monthly income is ......... the average of everyone's in this village.
  4. His performance was ......... par. That's he lost the match.
  5. He writes his blogs ...... his false name.
  6. Police. You're ........ arrest.
  7. Everything's ........ control. I can manage this project well.
  8. Today is freezing. It's 5 degrees .......zero.
  9. Before you apply for this kind of job, make sure you are able to work ........ pressure.
  10. ..........an obligation of paying his debt, it's very hard for him to save his money in the bank.

Answer

Exercise I

  1. She hides all her money under the bed.
  2. Please hang the picture below the clock. 
  3. We live below the sky.
  4. My grandparents live around 100 metres below the top of that hill.
  5. He is staying below our room.
  6. They found gold under the ground.
  7. Please hide this under the carpet.
  8. Can you remove the picture below our family's photograph. It doesn't look good.
  9. The cat is hiding under/below the desk.
  10. The floor below   that roof is wet. It's leaking somewhere.

Exercise II

  1. under
  2. under
  3. below
  4. below
  5. under
  6. under
  7. under
  8. below
  9. under
  10. under















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Tuesday, March 23, 2021

Enough and Too

Enough After Adjectives And Adverbs 


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Enough and Too Exercises







Enough and Too Exercises/Worksheets
Enough and Too Exercises


The Meaning of Too and Enough

Too is used to express that there is more of a thing or quality than is desirable or acceptable. Enough is used to indicate there is sufficient of a thing or quality.

Function

 Too and enough have more or less the opposite meaning. Too is used to modify the degree of adjectives and adverbs, to mean excessive. On the contrary, although enough is also used to modify the degree of adjectives and adverbs, it means sufficient or the right amount or quality. Different from too, enough can also be used to modify nouns.

Enough After Adjectives and Adverbs

We usually use enough  after adjectives and adverbs. Let's see the following examples.
  • He didn't get the job because he wasn't old enough. (not 'enough old')
  • We won't be rich if we don't work hard enough.
  • She's not old enough to work in the factory.

Enough Before Nouns

We also can use enough before a noun. Let's see the following examples.
  • I don't have enough money to buy the car.
  • We just have three eggs for a week. We don't have enough eggs.
  • Please put enough salt into the soup!

Enough Can Stand Alone

Sometimes we use enough alone without a noun or an adjective. Let's see the following examples.
  • I'll lend you some money if you don't have enough.
  • "Do you need some more sugar?" "No, I have enough."

Enough Followed By "For Something" Or "For Someone"

Enough can be followed by for someone / something. Let's see the following examples.
  • I  haven't got enough money for the wedding party.
  • He wasn't good enough for the job.
  • This shirt is big enough for my big brother.

Enough Followed By To Infinitive

  • I don't have enough money to get married. (not 'for getting')
  • He wasn't strong enough to do the job.
  • She's only thirteen. She's not old enough to work in this factory. 
  • The weather wasn't nice enough to go swimming.

Too Followed By An Adjective Or An Adverb

Too can be followed by an adjective or an adverb. Let's see the following examples.
  • I don't like the soup. It's too hot. ( adjective )
  • Don't work too hard! ( adverb )

Too + Adjective/Adverb Followed By For Someone/Something

Too + adjective can be followed by for someone/something. Let's see the following examples.
  • The soup is too hot for me.
  • The weather is too cold for swimming.
  • He's too short for the job.
  • He speaks too loudly for me.

Too + Adjective/Adverb Followed By To Infinitive

Too + Adjective can be followed by to infinitive. Let's see the following examples.
  • That picture is too heavy to hang on the wall
  • I had to carry my wallet in my hand. It was too big to put in my pocket.
  • The water was too dirty to swim in. 
  • The thief drove his car too fast to catch.

More Examples

  1. You won't get rich if you don't work smartly enough.
  2. You won't get rich  if you work too stupidly.
  3. I can't marry her because she's too young.
  4. I can't marry her because she's not old enough.
  5. I haven't got enough money to buy the car.
  6. I am too poor to buy the car.
  7. The coffee is too hot for me.
  8. The coffee is hot enough for him.
  9. He's not old enough to work in the factory.
  10. He's too young to work in the factory.
  11. There isn't enough food for the family to eat.
  12. There is too little food for the family to eat.

Enough and Too Exercises

Exercise I

Complete the sentences with enough or too!
  1. She's ... young to get married. 
  2. Do you have ... money to buy this motorbike?
  3. The coffee is ... hot for me to drink.
  4. The girl is tall ... to reach the baggage.
  5. Can you give ... time to finish this project?
  6. The suitcase is ....heavy for the boy to lift.
  7. I am old ....to watch this movie.
  8. Don't be .... shy. Please, speak up.
  9. I was not accepted to be a policeman because I am .... short.
  10. He's old ... to work here.

Exercise II

Combine two sentences into one using too or enough. 
Example : I couldn't drink the tea. It was too hot. (too)
You write : The tea was too hot for me to drink.
  1. I couldn't eat the food. It was too sour. (too)
  2. The boy can't work here. He is not tall enough. (enough)
  3. Five people can't live in this house. The house is too small. (too)
  4. I can't walk to school. The school is too far. (too)
  5. He can't finish this job alone. He is too lazy. (too)

Exercise III

Rewrite the following sentences using the word in parentheses.
Example:
I am too short to reach the guava on the tree. (enough)
You write: I am not tall enough to reach the guava on the tree.

  1. I don't have enough strength to knock him out. (too) .............................................
  2. She's not old enough to get married this year. (too) ....................................................
  3. He's not rich enough to buy the ranch. (too) ..............................................................
  4. Is the room too hot for you? (enough)  ........................................................................
  5. The bed is too narrow for two of us. (enough) .......................................................
  6. The child is too short to sit on that chair. (enough) ............................................
  7. The village is too busy for me to live in. (enough) .......................................................
  8. The room is too small for the party. (enough) .......................................................
  9. I was too far to hear everything she said. (enough) .............................................
  10. The road was too busy for us to cross. (enough) 


Answer 

Exercise I

  1. She's too young to get married. 
  2. Do you have enough money to buy this motorbike?
  3. The coffee is too hot for me to drink.
  4. The girl is tall enough to reach the baggage.
  5. Can you give enough time to finish this project?
  6. The suitcase is too heavy for the boy to lift.
  7. I am old enough to watch this movie.
  8. Don't be too shy. Please, speak up.
  9. I was not accepted to be a policeman because I am too short.
  10. He's old enough to work here.

Exercise II

  1. The food was too sour for me to eat.
  2. The boy is not tall enough to work here.
  3. The house is too small for five people to live in.
  4. The school is too far for me to walk.
  5. He can't finish this job alone. He is too lazy to finish this job alone.

Exercise III

  1. I am too weak to knock him out.
  2. She's too young to get married this year.
  3. He's too poor to buy the ranch. 
  4. Is the room cool/cold enough for you?
  5. The bed is not wide enough for two of us.
  6. The child is too short to sit on that chair. The child is not tall enough to sit on that  chair.
  7. The village is too busy for me to live in. The village is not quiet enough for me to live in.
  8. The room is not large enough for the party.
  9. I wasn't close enough to hear everything she said.
  10. The road wasn't  quiet enough for us to cross.







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Monday, March 22, 2021

Positive, Comparative, Superlative Adjectives


Comparative And Superlative Adjectives exercises with answer, downloadable and printable exercises for free


Comparative And Superlative Adjectives exercises with answer, downloadable and printable exercises for free



We can use adjectives to compare two things/people or more. 

Comparative Adjective Examples

  • I am taller than my mother.
  • This car is better than that car.
  • Giving examples is more difficult than giving instructions.
  • My wife is younger than I am.
  • His watch is more expensive than my car.
  • Asia is bigger than Europe.
  • Health is more important than wealth.
  • Grace is more attractive than her sister.
  • January is always longer than February.
  • This exercise is easier than the previous one.

Superlative Adjective Examples

  • My father is the oldest person in my family.
  • These are the most expensive things I can buy.
  • Bill is the richest guy in the world.
  • She's active in the most popular social media website.
  • Who's the most powerful man in the world?
  • I was born in the largest city in this country. 
  • He's the most intelligent politician in our town.
  • Bengawan Solo is the longest river in Java.
  • He's the oldest person to buy this product.
  • She's the most beautiful girl in my class.

Positive, Comparative, Superlative Adjective  Rules

There are three degrees of comparison. They are :
  • Positive
  • Comparative
  • Superlative
Let's see the following tables of those three comparisons.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 bright  
 tall
 important
 brighter
 taller
 more important
 brightest
 tallest
 most important

One Syllable Adjectives

We can form comparative and superlative of one syllable adjectives by putting er or est at the end of the adjectives. Let's see the following examples.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 small
 high
 sharp
 hard
 light
 smaller
 higher
 sharper
 harder
 lighter
 smallest
 highest
 sharpest
 hardest
 lightest 

One Syllable Adjectives Ending In 'e'

At the end of adjectives ending in e, we just put r ost. Let's see the following tables.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 safe
 brave
 nice
 fine
 ripe
 safer
 braver
 nicer
 finer
 riper
 safest
 bravest
 nicest
 finest
 ripest

 Three Or More Syllable Adjectives

We can form comparative and superlative of three or more syllable adjectives by putting more or most before the adjectives. Let's see the following examples.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 interesting
 important
 frightening
 amusing
 expensive
 more interesting
 more important
 more frightening
 more amusing
 more expensive
 most interesting
 most important
 most frightening
 most amusing
 most expensive

Two Syllable Adjectives Ending In y, er, ly

For two syllable adjectives ending in y, er, ly, we normally put er or est at the end of the adjectives.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 happy
 funny
 clever
 silly
 pretty
 early
 noisy
 quiet
 happier
 funnier
 cleverer
 sillier
 prettier
 earlier
 noisier
 quieter
 happiest
 funniest
 cleverest
 silliest
 prettiest
 earliest
 noisiest
 quietest
Note : y becomes i.

Two Syllable Adjectives Ending In ful And re

For two syllable adjectives ending in ful and re, we normally put more or most before the adjectives.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 doubtful
 obscure
 often
 more doubtful
 more obscure
 more often
 most doubtful
 most obscure
 most often

Irregular   

Some adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative form. Let's see the following table.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 bad
 far
 good
 little
 many/much
 old
 worse
 farther/further
 better
 less
 more
 older/elder
 worst
 farthest/furthest
 best
 least
 most
 oldest/eldest

Two Forms

Some adjectives have two comparative and superlative forms. They can use -er/est or more/most. See table 1.


Table 1


Positive

Comparative

Superlative

clever

cleverer/more clever

the cleverest/the most clever

common

commoner/more common

the commonest/the most common

likely

likelier/more likely

the likeliest/the most likely

pleasant

pleasanter/more pleasant

the pleasantest/the most pleasant

polite

politer/more polite

the politest/the most polite

quiet

quieter/more quiet

the quietest/the most quiet

simple

simpler/more simple

the simplest/the most simple

stupid

stupider/more stupider

the stupidest/the most stupid

subtle

subtler/more subtle

the subtlest/the most subtle

sure

surer/more sure

the surest/the most sure


Beautiful comparative superlative table


Farther And Further

Further is usually used for abstract nouns to mean additional/extra. Let's see the following examples.
  • further information
  • further discussion
  • further instructions
  • further demands
Farther is usually used for physical distance. Let's see the following examples.
  • From Hongkong, Jakarta is farther than Kuala Lumpur.
  • My school is farther than my father's office.

Older And Elder

Older implies age comparison, while elder implies seniority. Elder is mainly used for comparisons within a family. Let's see the following examples.
  • my elder brother
  • his eldest son
  • John is older than George.

Comparative Adjective In Sentences

We usually compare two things with comparative adjectives. In this case we usually use than. Let's see the following examples.
  • The new governor is closer to his people than the older one.
  • Corruption is more dangerous than bomb blasts.
  • The boy is stronger than I expected.

Superlative Adjectives In Sentences

We usually compare three or more things/people with superlative adjectives. In this case, we usually use the...in/of/on. Let's see the following examples.
  • He is the richest man on earth.
  • This is the best wine I have ever drunk.
  • This is the oldest building in Paris.
  • This is the hottest month of the year.
  • We stay in one of the nicest room in the hotel.
  • What is the highest mountain in the world?

Comparative and Superlative Adjective Table

See table  2 for the most commonly-used adjectives. 

Table 2


No

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

1

available

more available

the most available

2

bad

worse

the worst

3

big

bigger

the biggest

4

black

blacker

the blackest

5

blue

bluer

the bluest

6

clear

clearer

the clearest

7

close

closer

the closest

8

cold

colder

the coldest

9

common

more common/

commoner

the most common/

the commonest

10

current

more current

the most current

11

dark

darker

the darkest

12

democratic

more democratic

the most democratic

13

difficult

more difficult

the most difficult

14

early

earlier

the earliest

15

easy

easier

the easiest

16

economical

more economical

the most economical

17

environmental

more environmental

the most environmental

18

far

farther/

further

the farthest/

the furthest

19

fine

finer

the finest

20

free

freer

the freest

21

general

more general

the most general

22

good

better

the best

23

great

greater

the greatest

24

green

greener

the greenest

25

happy

happier

the happiest

26

hard

harder

the hardest

27

high

higher

the highest

28

hot

hotter

the hottest

29

important

more important

the most important

30

large

larger

the largest

31

late

later

the latest

32

likely

likelier

the likeliest

33

little

less

the least

34

long

longer

the longest

35

low

lower

the lowest

36

natural

more natural

the most natural

37

new

newer

the newest

38

nice

nicer

the nicest

39

old

older

the oldest

40

personal

more personal

the most personal

41

physical

more physical

the most physical

42

poor

poorer

the poorest

43

popular

more popular

the most popular

44

possible

more possible

the most possible

45

private

more private

the most private

46

ready

readier

the readiest

47

real

realer

the realest

48

recent

more recent

the most recent

49

red

redder

the reddest

50

religious

more religious

the most religious

51

right

righter

the rightest

52

serious

more serious

the most serious

53

short

shorter

the shortest

54

significant

more significant

the most significant

55

similar

more similar

the most similar

56

simple

simpler

the simplest

57

small

smaller

the smallest

58

sociable

more sociable

the most sociable

59

special

more special

the most special

60

strong

stronger

the strongest

61

traditional

more traditional

the most traditional

62

various

more various

the most various

63

white

whiter

the whitest

64

wrong

wronger

the wrongest

65

young

younger

the youngest


More Positive, Comparative, and Superlative

dear    dearer    dearest
bright    brighter    brightest   




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If you need communicative activities for teaching this topic, see this post.

Comparative and Superlative Exercises

Exercise 1A

Complete the table with correct comparative and superlative adjectives


No

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

1

bad



2

big



3

clear



4

close



5

cold



6

good



7

difficult



8

early



9

easy



10

fat



11

fine



12

fishy



13

good



14

great



15

green



16

happy



17

hard



18

harmful



19

horrifying



20

significant





Exercise 1B

Underline the right comparative or superlative adjectives in the brackets to complete the sentences.
  1. My girlfriend is (taller, the tallest) than me.
  2. I'm (younger, the youngest) of the family.
  3. Can you visit me (oftener, more often)?
  4. It's (more expensive, the most expensive) house I've ever seen.
  5. What is (larger, the largest) city in your country?
  6. My mother is (older, the oldest) than my father.
  7. Mr. Solihin is much (older, the oldest) than I expected.
  8. Surabaya is (bigger, the biggest) than Bandung.
  9. Love is (more valuable, the most valuable) thing in our life.
  10. She's (more beautiful, the most beautiful) girl in our class.

Exercise II

Complete the sentences with the superlative and its preposition.
Example   : It's a very expensive hotel.   ..................................in town.
You write : It's the most expensive hotel in town.
  1. It's a very cheap jacket. ................................I've ever bought.
  2. It's a very large bedroom. ...............................I've ever slept in.
  3. She's a very beautiful girl. ...............................at school.
  4. He's a very good player.  ..............................of the team.
  5. It's a very beautiful city. ..............................in Norway.
  6. Jack is very tall.                                                 ..................................in my class.
  7. It's a very popular website in our country.       ....................................... in our country.
  8. He's a very nice guy.                                          ........................................I've ever known.
  9. Bill is a very generous man.                             ............................................ever.
  10. It's a very touching story.                                 ...........................................I've ever read.

Exercise III

Complete the sentences with the correct comparative or superlative adjectives. Put correct prepositions.


attractive comfortable expensive good high long old populated tall young 


  1. John is eighteen while I am only sixteen. So, I am  ………………….him.

  2. Icha is ……………………..girl in my class. She's 170 cms tall.

  3. She's ……………………...girl at the party. Everyone admired her.

  4. Mount Everest is ……………….mountain in the world.

  5. Ringo is a ………………. drummer ….John.

  6. What is ………………river in the world?

  7. Mercedes is ……………………….Toyota.

  8. Jakarta is ……………………..Paris.

  9. My father is one year ……………….my mother. He is fifty-one, while she is fifty.

  10. This chair is …………………………...that chair.  That's why, I always sit here.


Exercise III (Paragraph)


Complete the paragraph with the right comparative or superlative adjectives provided in the box.


big consumerist few few good happy high high hot large much patient


Dear Peggy,

Some people have told you that it does not make any difference whether you stay in Jakarta or Bandung. Before you make a decision, let me give some information about the cities. There are no identical cities in this world. Even cities in the same countries and provinces are different in many ways such as location, size, language, climate, and lifestyle. Likewise, Jakarta and Bandung are different in many aspects.

Firstly, the two cities have  different temperatures. Jakarta is a lot 1. ………... than Jakarta. That's why Jakartans spend  2.………... money on air conditioners.  Secondly, the cities are also different in size. Jakarta, with around 664 square kilometres, is about four times  3…...……. than Bandung.  It's not surprising that the number of population of Jakarta is a lot 4…….…… than that of Bandung. Thirdly, both cities speak different languages. Most of Jakarta's population speak Bahasa Indonesia whereas there are 5..…………..people in Bandung who speak the Indonesia's national language; most of them speak Sundanese Language. In addition, a lot of Jakarta's population are 6..…………… due to their 7...……….. income compared to that of Bandung's population. However, it seems to me that most people who live in Bandung are 8.…………….than those who live in Jakarta. In Bandung people are 9…..………… with the congested traffic. You can hear 10.…………. pressed-horn in Bandung. Meanwhile, if you drive in Jakarta, you can often hear angrily-pressed horn. In spite of the differences, you can still enjoy the friendliness of both Indonesia cities. Welcome to Indonesia. Hopefully, you can choose which city is better for you.



Yours,




Jim



Answer 

Exercise IA


No

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

1

bad

worse

the worst

2

big

bigger

the biggest

3

clear

clearer

the clearest

4

close

closer

the closest

5

cold

colder

the coldest

6

good

better

the best

7

difficult

more difficult

the most difficult

8

early

earlier

the earliest

9

easy

easier

the easiest

10

fat

fatter

the fattest

11

fine

finer

the finest

12

fishy

fishier

the fishiest

13

good

better

the best

14

great

greater

the greatest

15

green

greener

the greenest

16

happy

happier

the happiest

17

hard

harder

the hardest

18

harmful

more harmful

the most harmful

19

horrifying

more horrifying

the most horrifying

20

significant

more significant

the most significant

Exercise IB

  1. My girlfriend is taller than me.
  2. I'm the youngest  of the family.
  3. Can you visit me more often  ?
  4. It's the most expensive  house I've ever seen.
  5. What is the largest  city in your country?
  6. My mother is older than my father.
  7. Mr. Solihin is much older than I expected.
  8. Surabaya is bigger than Bandung.
  9. Love is the most valuable thing in our life.
  10. She's the most beautiful girl in our class.

Exercise II

  1. It's a very cheap jacket. It's the cheapest jacket I've ever bought.
  2. It's a very large bedroom. It's the largest bedroom I've ever slept in.
  3. She's a very beautiful girl. She's the most beautiful girl at school.
  4. He's a very good player.  He's the best player of the team.
  5. It's a very beautiful city. It's the most beautiful city in Norway.
  6. Jack is very tall.                                                Jack is the tallest boy in my class.
  7. It's a very popular website in our country.       It's the most popular website in our country.
  8. He's a very nice guy.                                          He's the nicest guy I've ever known.
  9. Bill is a very generous man.                             Bill is the most generous man ever.
  10. It's a very touching story.                               It's the most touching story I've ever read.

Exercise III

  1. John is eighteen while I am only sixteen. So, I am  younger than him.

  2. Icha is the tallest girl in my class. She's 170 cms tall.

  3. She's the most attractive girl at the party. Everyone admired her.

  4. Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.

  5. Ringo is a better drummer than John.

  6. What is the longest river in the world?

  7. Mercedes is more expensive than Toyota.

  8. Jakarta is more populated than Paris.

  9. My father is one year older than my mother. He is fifty-one, while she is fifty.

  10. This chair is more comfortable than that chair.  That's why, I always sit here.


Exercise IV

  1. hotter

  2. more

  3. bigger/larger

  4. higher

  5. fewer

  6. more consumerist

  7. higher/better

  8. happier

  9. more patient

  10. fewer






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