Friday, October 26, 2018

Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns

A demonstrative pronoun is a pronoun that is used to indicate and replace a noun at the same time. Let's see the following examples.
  • This is my car. 
  • That's yours. 
  • These are my books. 
  • Those are John's books. 
  • Who's that?
  • That's Christian.

Kinds of Demonstrative Pronouns

There are four demonstrative pronouns we usually use to replace a noun. Let's see the following tables.
 Demonstrative Pronouns Function Distance To The Speaker
this To indicate and represent a singular noun. Near
thatTo indicate and represent a singular noun  Far
these  To indicate and represent a plural noun Near
those To indicate and represent a plural noun Far

Demonstrative Pronouns And Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstrative pronouns can stand alone to represent nouns, while demonstrative adjectives must be followed by nouns. Let's see the following table.

 Demonstrative PronounsDemonstrative Adjectives
this
that
these
those 
this house
that girl
these houses
those girls
Let's see them in sentences!
 Demonstrative PronounsDemonstrative Adjectives
I like this.
That's too expensive
These are my new books.
Those are our team members.
I like this house.
That house is too expensive.
These books are about travel.
Those people are our team members.

Demonstrative Pronoun For Introduction

Demonstrative pronoun this can be used for introduction. Let's see the following example.
  • Jack ( to George),"George, this is  Mary."
  • Jack ( to Mary),"This is my brother, George."

Demonstrative Pronouns Followed By One/Ones

Demonstrative pronouns are usually followed by one or ones  to show options or comparison. Let's see the following example.
  • This shirt is too small. I'll buy that one.
  • "Which trousers do you like?" "I like these ones."

Exercise

In this exercise you have to complete the sentences with this, that, these or those.
  1. Which books do you want to borrow, this or ...?
  2. I like ... books better than those ones.
  3. This is my house and ... is my brother's.
  4. Look at  ... ducks. They are coming into our yard.

Answer

  1. Which books do you want to borrow, this or that?
  2. I like these books better than those ones.
  3. This is my house and that is my brother's.
  4. Look at those/these  ducks. They are coming into our yard.

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