Positive, Comparative, Superlative Adjectives


Comparative And Superlative Adjectives exercises with answer, downloadable and printable exercises for free


Comparative And Superlative Adjectives exercises with answer, downloadable and printable exercises for free



We can use adjectives to compare two things/people or more. 

Comparative Adjective Examples

  • I am taller than my mother.
  • This car is better than that car.
  • Giving examples is more difficult than giving instructions.
  • My wife is younger than I am.
  • His watch is more expensive than my car.
  • Asia is bigger than Europe.
  • Health is more important than wealth.
  • Grace is more attractive than her sister.
  • January is always longer than February.
  • This exercise is easier than the previous one.

Superlative Adjective Examples

  • My father is the oldest person in my family.
  • These are the most expensive thing I can buy.
  • Bill is the richest guy in the world.
  • She's active in the most popular social media website.
  • Who's the most powerful man in the world?
  • I was born in the largest city in this country. 
  • He's the most intelligent politician in our town.
  • Bengawan Solo is the longest river in Java.
  • He's the oldest person to buy this product.
  • She's the most beautiful girl in my class.

Positive, Comparative, Superlative Adjective  Rules

There are three degrees of comparison. They are :
  • Positive
  • Comparative
  • Superlative
Let's see the following tables of those three comparisons.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 bright  
 tall
 important
 brighter
 taller
 more important
 brightest
 tallest
 most important

One Syllable Adjectives

We can form comparative and superlative of one syllable adjectives by putting er or est at the end of the adjectives. Let's see the following examples.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 small
 high
 sharp
 hard
 light
 smaller
 higher
 sharper
 harder
 lighter
 smallest
 highest
 sharpest
 hardest
 lightest 

One Syllable Adjectives Ending In 'e'

At the end of adjectives ending in e, we just put r ost. Let's see the following tables.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 safe
 brave
 nice
 fine
 ripe
 safer
 braver
 nicer
 finer
 riper
 safest
 bravest
 nicest
 finest
 ripest

 Three Or More Syllable Adjectives

We can form comparative and superlative of three or more syllable adjectives by putting more or most before the adjectives. Let's see the following examples.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 interesting
 important
 frightening
 amusing
 expensive
 more interesting
 more important
 more frightening
 more amusing
 more expensive
 most interesting
 most important
 most frightening
 most amusing
 most expensive

Two Syllable Adjectives Ending In y, er, ly

For two syllable adjectives ending in y, er, ly, we normally put er or est at the end of the adjectives.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 happy
 funny
 clever
 silly
 pretty
 early
 noisy
 quiet
 happier
 funnier
 cleverer
 sillier
 prettier
 earlier
 noisier
 quieter
 happiest
 funniest
 cleverest
 silliest
 prettiest
 earliest
 noisiest
 quietest
Note : y becomes i.

Two Syllable Adjectives Ending In ful And re

For two syllable adjectives ending in ful and re, we normally put more or most before the adjectives.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 doubtful
 obscure
 often
 more doubtful
 more obscure
 more often
 most doubtful
 most obscure
 most often

Irregular   

Some adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative form. Let's see the following table.

 Positive Comparative Superlative
 bad
 far
 good
 little
 many/much
 old
 worse
 farther/further
 better
 less
 more
 older/elder
 worst
 farthest/furthest
 best
 least
 most
 oldest/eldest

Two Forms

Some adjectives have two comparative and superlative forms. They can use -er/est or more/most. See table 1.


Table 1


Positive

Comparative

Superlative

clever

cleverer/more clever

the cleverest/the most clever

common

commoner/more common

the commonest/the most common

likely

likelier/more likely

the likeliest/the most likely

pleasant

pleasanter/more pleasant

the pleasantest/the most pleasant

polite

politer/more polite

the politest/the most polite

quiet

quieter/more quiet

the quietest/the most quiet

simple

simpler/more simple

the simplest/the most simple

stupid

stupider/more stupider

the stupidest/the most stupid

subtle

subtler/more subtle

the subtlest/the most subtle

sure

surer/more sure

the surest/the most sure


Beautiful comparative superlative table


Farther And Further

Further is usually used for abstract nouns to mean additional/extra. Let's see the following examples.
  • further information
  • further discussion
  • further instructions
  • further demands
Farther is usually used for physical distance. Let's see the following examples.
  • From Hongkong, Jakarta is farther than Kuala Lumpur.
  • My school is farther than my father's office.

Older And Elder

Older implies age comparison, while elder implies seniority. Elder is mainly used for comparisons within a family. Let's see the following examples.
  • my elder brother
  • his eldest son
  • John is older than George.

Comparative Adjective In Sentences

We usually compare two things with comparative adjectives. In this case we usually use than. Let's see the following examples.
  • The new governor is closer to his people than the older one.
  • Corruption is more dangerous than bomb blasts.
  • The boy is stronger than I expected.

Superlative Adjectives In Sentences

We usually compare three or more things/people with superlative adjectives. In this case, we usually use the...in/of/on. Let's see the following examples.
  • He is the richest man on earth.
  • This is the best wine I have ever drunk.
  • This is the oldest building in Paris.
  • This is the hottest month of the year.
  • We stay in one of the nicest room in the hotel.
  • What is the highest mountain in the world?

Comparative and Superlative Adjective Table

See table  2 for the most commonly-used adjectives. 

Table 2


No

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

1

available

more available

the most available

2

bad

worse

the worst

3

big

bigger

the biggest

4

black

blacker

the blackest

5

blue

bluer

the bluest

6

clear

clearer

the clearest

7

close

closer

the closest

8

cold

colder

the coldest

9

common

more common/

commoner

the most common/

the commonest

10

current

more current

the most current

11

dark

darker

the darkest

12

democratic

more democratic

the most democratic

13

difficult

more difficult

the most difficult

14

early

earlier

the earliest

15

easy

easier

the easiest

16

economical

more economical

the most economical

17

environmental

more environmental

the most environmental

18

far

farther/

further

the farthest/

the furthest

19

fine

finer

the finest

20

free

freer

the freest

21

general

more general

the most general

22

good

better

the best

23

great

greater

the greatest

24

green

greener

the greenest

25

happy

happier

the happiest

26

hard

harder

the hardest

27

high

higher

the highest

28

hot

hotter

the hottest

29

important

more important

the most important

30

large

larger

the largest

31

late

later

the latest

32

likely

likelier

the likeliest

33

little

less

the least

34

long

longer

the longest

35

low

lower

the lowest

36

natural

more natural

the most natural

37

new

newer

the newest

38

nice

nicer

the nicest

39

old

older

the oldest

40

personal

more personal

the most personal

41

physical

more physical

the most physical

42

poor

poorer

the poorest

43

popular

more popular

the most popular

44

possible

more possible

the most possible

45

private

more private

the most private

46

ready

readier

the readiest

47

real

realer

the realest

48

recent

more recent

the most recent

49

red

redder

the reddest

50

religious

more religious

the most religious

51

right

righter

the rightest

52

serious

more serious

the most serious

53

short

shorter

the shortest

54

significant

more significant

the most significant

55

similar

more similar

the most similar

56

simple

simpler

the simplest

57

small

smaller

the smallest

58

sociable

more sociable

the most sociable

59

special

more special

the most special

60

strong

stronger

the strongest

61

traditional

more traditional

the most traditional

62

various

more various

the most various

63

white

whiter

the whitest

64

wrong

wronger

the wrongest

65

young

younger

the youngest



Download the table in Google drive here.



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If you need communicative activities for teaching this topic, see this post.

Comparative and Superlative Exercises

Exercise 1A

Complete the table with correct comparative and superlative adjectives


No

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

1

bad



2

big



3

clear



4

close



5

cold



6

good



7

difficult



8

early



9

easy



10

fat



11

fine



12

fishy



13

good



14

great



15

green



16

happy



17

hard



18

harmful



19

horrifying



20

significant





Exercise 1B

Underline the right comparative or superlative adjectives in the brackets to complete the sentences.
  1. My girlfriend is (taller, the tallest) than me.
  2. I'm (younger, the youngest) of the family.
  3. Can you visit me (oftener, more often)?
  4. It's (more expensive, the most expensive) house I've ever seen.
  5. What is (larger, the largest) city in your country?
  6. My mother is (older, the oldest) than my father.
  7. Mr. Solihin is much (older, the oldest) than I expected.
  8. Surabaya is (bigger, the biggest) than Bandung.
  9. Love is (more valuable, the most valuable) thing in our life.
  10. She's (more beautiful, the most beautiful) girl in our class.

Exercise II

Complete the sentences with the superlative and its preposition.
Example   : It's a very expensive hotel.   ..................................in town.
You write : It's the most expensive hotel in town.
  1. It's a very cheap jacket. ................................I've ever bought.
  2. It's a very large bedroom. ...............................I've ever slept in.
  3. She's a very beautiful girl. ...............................at school.
  4. He's a very good player.  ..............................of the team.
  5. It's a very beautiful city. ..............................in Norway.
  6. Jack is very tall.                                                 ..................................in my class.
  7. It's a very popular website in our country.       ....................................... in our country.
  8. He's a very nice guy.                                          ........................................I've ever known.
  9. Bill is a very generous man.                             ............................................ever.
  10. It's a very touching story.                                 ...........................................I've ever read.

Exercise III

Complete the sentences with the correct comparative or superlative adjectives. Put correct prepositions.


attractive comfortable expensive good high long old populated tall young 


  1. John is eighteen while I am only sixteen. So, I am  ………………….him.

  2. Icha is ……………………..girl in my class. She's 170 cms tall.

  3. She's ……………………...girl at the party. Everyone admired her.

  4. Mount Everest is ……………….mountain in the world.

  5. Ringo is a ………………. drummer ….John.

  6. What is ………………river in the world?

  7. Mercedes is ……………………….Toyota.

  8. Jakarta is ……………………..Paris.

  9. My father is one year ……………….my mother. He is fifty-one, while she is fifty.

  10. This chair is …………………………...that chair.  That's why, I always sit here.


Exercise III (Paragraph)


Complete the paragraph with the right comparative or superlative adjectives provided in the box.


big consumerist few few good happy high high hot large much patient


Dear Peggy,

Some people have told you that it does not make any difference whether you stay in Jakarta or Bandung. Before you make a decision, let me give some information about the cities. There are no identical cities in this world. Even cities in the same countries and provinces are different in many ways such as location, size, language, climate, and lifestyle. Likewise, Jakarta and Bandung are different in many aspects.

Firstly, the two cities have  different temperatures. Jakarta is a lot 1. ………... than Jakarta. That's why Jakartans spend  2.………... money on air conditioners.  Secondly, the cities are also different in size. Jakarta, with around 664 square kilometres, is about four times  3…...……. than Bandung.  It's not surprising that the number of population of Jakarta is a lot 4…….…… than that of Bandung. Thirdly, both cities speak different languages. Most of Jakarta's population speak Bahasa Indonesia whereas there are 5..…………..people in Bandung who speak the Indonesia's national language; most of them speak Sundanese Language. In addition, a lot of Jakarta's population are 6..…………… due to their 7...……….. income compared to that of Bandung's population. However, it seems to me that most people who live in Bandung are 8.…………….than those who live in Jakarta. In Bandung people are 9…..………… with the congested traffic. You can hear 10.…………. pressed-horn in Bandung. Meanwhile, if you drive in Jakarta, you can often hear angrily-pressed horn. In spite of the differences, you can still enjoy the friendliness of both Indonesia cities. Welcome to Indonesia. Hopefully, you can choose which city is better for you.



Yours,




Jim



Answer 

Exercise IA


No

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

1

bad

worse

the worst

2

big

bigger

the biggest

3

clear

clearer

the clearest

4

close

closer

the closest

5

cold

colder

the coldest

6

good

better

the best

7

difficult

more difficult

the most difficult

8

early

earlier

the earliest

9

easy

easier

the easiest

10

fat

fatter

the fattest

11

fine

finer

the finest

12

fishy

fishier

the fishiest

13

good

better

the best

14

great

greater

the greatest

15

green

greener

the greenest

16

happy

happier

the happiest

17

hard

harder

the hardest

18

harmful

more harmful

the most harmful

19

horrifying

more horrifying

the most horrifying

20

significant

more significant

the most significant

Exercise IB

  1. My girlfriend is taller than me.
  2. I'm the youngest  of the family.
  3. Can you visit me more often  ?
  4. It's the most expensive  house I've ever seen.
  5. What is the largest  city in your country?
  6. My mother is older than my father.
  7. Mr. Solihin is much older than I expected.
  8. Surabaya is bigger than Bandung.
  9. Love is the most valuable thing in our life.
  10. She's the most beautiful girl in our class.

Exercise II

  1. It's a very cheap jacket. It's the cheapest jacket I've ever bought.
  2. It's a very large bedroom. It's the largest bedroom I've ever slept in.
  3. She's a very beautiful girl. She's the most beautiful girl at school.
  4. He's a very good player.  He's the best player of the team.
  5. It's a very beautiful city. It's the most beautiful city in Norway.
  6. Jack is very tall.                                                Jack is the tallest boy in my class.
  7. It's a very popular website in our country.       It's the most popular website in our country.
  8. He's a very nice guy.                                          He's the nicest guy I've ever known.
  9. Bill is a very generous man.                             Bill is the most generous man ever.
  10. It's a very touching story.                               It's the most touching story I've ever read.

Exercise III

  1. John is eighteen while I am only sixteen. So, I am  younger than him.

  2. Icha is the tallest girl in my class. She's 170 cms tall.

  3. She's the most attractive girl at the party. Everyone admired her.

  4. Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.

  5. Ringo is a better drummer than John.

  6. What is the longest river in the world?

  7. Mercedes is more expensive than Toyota.

  8. Jakarta is more populated than Paris.

  9. My father is one year older than my mother. He is fifty-one, while she is fifty.

  10. This chair is more comfortable than that chair.  That's why, I always sit here.


Exercise IV

  1. hotter

  2. more

  3. bigger/larger

  4. higher

  5. fewer

  6. more consumerist

  7. higher/better

  8. happier

  9. more patient

  10. fewer






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