Adjectives are used to describe or modify nouns. Therefore, adjectives can give a little different meaning to a noun. Let's see the following examples ( The underlined words are adjectives.) :
- beautiful girls
- lazy students
- empty houses
- aggravated situations
- normal life
Adjectives Versus AdverbsAdjectives and adverbs have different function in sentences. Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. Adverbs are words that describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Adverbs are usually words that answer questions with how.
An adjective tell us more about a noun . We use adjectives before nouns and after verbs be (is, am, are, was, were, been ), get, become, look, seem, smell, taste, feel. Let's see the following examples.
- Ringo is a quiet boy. ( before noun )
- Be careful, please! ( after be )
- We didn’t go out because of the heavy rain. ( before noun )
- I was happy that she was home last night. ( after be )
- The food smells good. ( after smell )
- The teacher looks angry because of that naughty boy. ( after looks, before noun ).
- Come quickly ! ( It tells us about the verb come ).
- She is seriously ill. ( It tells us about the adjective ill).
- Jane learns Spanish incredibly quickly. ( It tells us about another adverb quickly).
Note : If an adjective ends in -le ( probable, terrible etc. ), we leave out e and add ly for the adverb.
Examples in sentences :
- She is a good writer. She can write well.
- He is a fast learner. He can learn anything fast.
Hardly means almost not. Let's see the following examples.
- My grandfather is very old. He can hardly walk.
- We've hardly got anything to eat.
Hardly ever means almost never. Let's see the following examples.
- I hardly ever go out at night.
Lately means recently. Let's see the following examples.
- I have never seen your girlfriend lately.
- The meeting was very badly organised.
- The car was seriously damaged in the accident.
- The house was totally destroyed in the explosion.
In this exercise you have to choose the right word in the bracket.
- He is a ( careful, carefully ) driver.
- She can speak English ( fluent, fluently ).
- Lionel is very ( good, well ) at playing football.
- Ronaldo can play football very ( good, well ).
- The car can run ( extreme, extremely ) fast.