English Grammar Exercises: October 2018

Sunday, October 28, 2018

So And Such

So And Such 

We use so with an adjective without a noun. For example: so high, so beautiful, so clever etc. We use such with an adjective with a noun. For example : such a high mountain, such a beautiful girl, such a clever boy, etc. Let's see them in sentences :
  1. I like Jack and Sue. They are so nice.
  2. I like Jack and Sue. They are such nice people.

The Meaning Of So And Such

So and such are used to make the meaning of the adjective stronger. They mean really. 
  • So nice means really nice.
  • Such nice people means really nice people.

So ...That And Such ...That

We often use so ... that and such...that to combine two sentences. The first part is a cause. The second part is a result. Let's see the following tables.
 Two Separated Sentences The Combined Sentences
( with so...that and such...that )
  1. I was really tired.
  2. I went to bed early.
  • I was so tired that I went to bed early.
  1. She  worked really smart.
  2. She reached her financial freedom early.
  • She worked so smart that she reached her financial freedom early.
  1. The governor is a really nice person.
  2. Every body loves him.
  • The governor is such a nice person that everybody loves him.
  1. It is a really good book.
  2. Many people want to read it.
  •  It is such a good book that many people want to read it.

Exercise I

In this exercise you have to complete the sentences with so or such !
  1. It is ... a sunny day that a lot of people spent the whole day in the park.
  2. She is ... beautiful that her boss can't wait to take her out.
  3. Everything is ... expensive these days, isn't it?
  4. The room was ...dirty that nobody wants to enter it.
  5. Lady Gaga is... a popular singer that everybody knows her.

Exercise II

In this exercise you have to combine the sentences given with so...that or such...that !
  1. The weather was really warm. I didn't need a jacket.
  2. Denny is a really wicked boy. Nobody wants to play with him.
  3. The boy is really fat. He can't get through the bus door.
  4. The water is really dirty. We don't want to drink it.
  5. Victoria is a really clean city. Everybody wants to live in it.

Answer I

  1. It is such a sunny day that a lot of people spent the whole day in the park.
  2. She is so beautiful that her boss can't wait to take her out.
  3. Everything is so expensive these days, isn't it?
  4. The room was so dirty that nobody wants to enter it.
  5. Lady Gaga is such a popular singer that everybody knows her.

Answer II

  1. The weather was really warm. I didn't need a jacket.
  2. Denny is a really wicked boy. Nobody wants to play with him.
  3. The boy is really fat. He can't get through the bus door.
  4. The water is really dirty. We don't want to drink it.
  5. Victoria is a really clean city. Everybody wants to live in it.

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Mustn't and Needn't

Mustn't And Needn't

You must do means  that it is necessary that you do something. Let's see the following examples.
  1. You have't got much time. You must hurry.
  2. You can tell John what I said but he must keep it a secret .

You mustn't do means that it is necessary that you do not do something. Let's see the following examples.
  1. The baby is asleep. You mustn't talk loudly. 
  2. This is a non-smoking area. You mustn't smoke here.
You needn't do means that it is not necessary that you do something. Let's see the following examples.
  1. I can hear you quite clearly . You needn't talk loudly. (= It is not necessary to talk loudly.)
  2. You've got plenty of time. You needn't hurry. (=It is not necessary to hurry.)
Needn't do can be replaced with doesn't/don't need to do. So, the two sentences above can be rewritten this way:
  1. I can hear you quite clearly. You don't need to talk loudly.
  2. You've got plenty of time. You don't need to hurry.

Needn't Have Verb III 

We use needn't have done to say that it was not necessary to do (in the past). Let's see the following examples.
  1. Achmad wanted to catch a plane. He left home late, so he hurried to the station. But the train was also late - it didn't leave until 20 minutes after Achmad arrived at the station. So, Achmad needn't have hurried.
  2. Jane bought some sugar but when she got home she found that she already had a lot of sugar. So she needn't have bought any sugar.

Didn't Need To - Needn't Have

Didn't need to is different from needn't have.
We use didn't need to  to say that an action was unnecessary. This was known at the time of the action.  Let's see the following examples.
  1. I didn't need to go, so I didn't go.
  2. I did't need to go but I decided to go anyway.
When we use needn't have, it was not known at the time that the action was not necessary. Let's see the following example.
  1. I need't have gone. (= I went - this was unnecessary, but I didn't know at the  time that it was unnecessary.)     

Exercise

In this exercise you have to complete the sentences with needn't or mustn't !
  1. Jack gave me a letter to post. I ...........forget to post it.
  2. "Do you want me to wait?" "No, It's okay. You ...........wait."
  3. This ring is very valuable. You ........lose it.
  4. You .......come if you don't want to.
  5. We still have enough eggs. We ........buy any.

Answer

  1. Jack gave me a letter to post. I mustn't forget to post it.
  2. "Do you want me to wait?" "No, It's okay. You  needn't wait."
  3. This ring is very valuable. You mustn't lose it.
  4. You needn't come if you don't want to.
  5. We still have enough eggs. We needn't buy any.

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Either And Neither

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Either And Neither

Both either and neither can be used differently. It depends on the situations.

Either For Agreement

We can use either to agree with someone. We use either to avoid repeating what someone says to us. In this case, the statement must be a negative sentence. Let's see the following examples.

 Someone Says  You Say
 I'm not happy with his performance. I'm not either.
 I don't like his performance. I don't either.
 I didn't go to the party last night. I didn't either.
 I haven't seen her lately. I haven't either.
 I hadn't had that food before we visited Rome. I hadn't either.
 I can't speak Russian. I can't either.
 I won't see her again. I won't either.
 I was not fat when I was young. I wasn't either.

Neither For Agreement

We can use neither to agree with someone. We use neither to avoid repeating what someone says to us. In this case, the statement must be a negative sentence. Let's see the following examples.

 Someone Says  You Say
 I'm not happy with his performance.Neither am I.
 I don't like his performance.Neither do I.
 I didn't go to the party last night.Neither did I.
 I haven't seen her lately.Neither have I.
 I hadn't had that food before we visited Rome.Neither had I.
 I can't speak Russian.Neither can I.
 I won't see her again.Neither will I.
 I was not fat when I was young.Neither was I.

Either ...Or To Show Positive Alternatives

We can use "either...or" to indicate a choice between two positive alternatives.  Let's see the following examples.

 The Alternatives Without Either The alternatives With Either 
Your sister can come here tomorrow.
You can come here tomorrow.
 Either your sister or you can come here tomorrow.
You can eat this food.
You can take this food home.
You can either eat or take this food home.
You can read this book.
You can read that book.
You can read either this book or that book.

Neither ...nor To Show Negative Alternatives

We can use "neither ...nor" to indicate a choice between two negative alternatives. In this case, you can use a singular or a plural verb.  Let's see the following examples.
 The Alternatives Without Neither The alternatives With Neither 
Your sister can't come here tomorrow.
You can't come here tomorrow.
 Neither your sister nor you can come here tomorrow.
You can't eat this food.
You can't take this food home.
You can neither eat nor take this food home.
You can't read this book.
You can't read that book.
You can read neither this book nor that book.
My wife didn't sleep well last night.
I  didn't sleep well last night.
 Neither my wife nor I slept well last night.
John doesn't work.
His wife doesn't work
Neither John nor his wife works.
Neither John nor his wife work.
Mary isn't tall.
Her husband isn't tall.
Neither Mary nor her husband is tall.
Neither Mary nor her husband are tall.
My father hasn't seen me lately.
My mother hasn't seen me lately.
Neither my father nor my mother has seen me lately.
Neither my father nor my mother have seen me lately.

Neither of ... And Either of ....

Neither of ... and either of ... can be followed by us, you, or them. Let's see the following examples.
  1. Neither of you can enter the room.
  2. Can either of us help you ?
  3. You can believe neither of them! They're liars.

Neither And Either Can Stand Alone

We can use neither and either alone. Let's see the following examples.
  1. "Is he an artist or a singer?"  "Neither. He's a lawyer."
  2. "Would you like chicken or beef?" "Either. I don't mind."

Exercise I

In this exercise you have to agree with your friend using the words in the bracket. 
Example    : I don't have a car. ( either )
You write  : I don't either.

 Your Friend SaysYou Say
  1. I can't drive a car. (either )
  2. I didn't enjoy the film much. (neither)
  3. I've never been to Nice. (neither)
  4. I don't like dancing. (either)
  5. I won't reveal it. ( neither )
  1. ....
  2. ....
  3. ....
  4. ....
  5. .....

 Exercise II

Change the following alternatives using neither ...nor or either ...or!
  1. George will not see me anymore. Jack will not see me anymore.
  2. Jane is coming to you. Or Sally is coming to you.
  3. Brian hasn't come back. Sue hasn't come back.
  4. Brad didn't come here last night. Angel didn't come here last night.
  5. Ben wasn't here. Joe wasn't here.

Answer I


 Your Friend SaysYou Say
  1. I can't drive a car. (either )
  2. I didn't enjoy the film much. (neither)
  3. I've never been to Nice. (neither)
  4. I don't like dancing. (either)
  5. I won't reveal it. ( neither )
  1. I can't either.
  2. Neither did I.
  3. Neither have I.
  4. I don't either.
  5. Neither will I.

 Answer II

Change the following alternatives using neither ...nor or either ...or!
  1. Neither George nor Jack will see me anymore.
  2. Either Jane or Sally is coming to you.
  3. Neither Brian nor Sue has/have come back.
  4. Neither Brad nor Angel came here last night.
  5. Neither Ben nor Joe was here.


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Can, Could and Be Able To

Can, Could and Be Able To

We use can  to say that something is possible or that someone has the ability to do something. The negative is can't (cannot). Let's see the following examples :
  • You can see the sea from our bedroom window.
  • Can you speak Spanish ?
  • I'm afraid I can't come your party tomorrow.

"Be Able To" Can Replace "Can"

Be able to is sometimes used to replace can. Let's see the following examples :
  • Are you able to speak Spanish?
  • I'm not able to see the sea from your bedroom window.

Present Perfect and Past Form of "Can" and "Be Able To"

Because can has only two forms : can (present) and could (past), and has no present perfect, you have to use be able to in the present perfect form. Also, can has no infinitive. Let's see the following examples :
  • I haven't been able to create any songs recently.
  • I will not be able to come to your birthday party tomorrow.

The past of can is could. We use could especially with these verbs:
  • see 
  • hear
  • smell
  • taste
  • feel
  • remember
  • understand

Let's see the following examples : 
  • When we went into the house, we could smell something burning.
  • She spoke in a low voice but I could understand what she was saying.
We also use could to say that someone had the general ability to do something. Let's see the following examples :
  • My grandfadher could speak five languages.
  • When Tom was 16, he could run 100 metres in 11 second.

"Be Able To" To Express Capability of Doing Something in Particular Situation

If you mean that someone managed to do something in one particular situation, you have to use was/were able to
(not could). Let's see the following examples :
  • The fire spread through the building very quickly but everyone was able (= managed ) to escape (not 'could escape  ')
  • They didn't want to come with us at first but in the end we were able (=managed)to persuade them. (not 'could persuade ')

Let's see the difference between could and was able to in this example:
  • John was an excellent tennis player . He could beat anybody.(= He had the ability to beat anybody.)
  • But once he had a difficult game against George. George  played very well but in the end John was able to beat him (= He managed to beat him in this particular game.)

The negative couldn't is possible in all situations. Let's see the following examples :
  • My grand father couldn't swim.
  • We tried hard but we couldn't persuade them to come with us.

Exercise 1

Complete the sentences below with can or be able to !

1. Tom .................. drive but he hasn't got a car.
2.  I can 't understand martin. I've never............. understand him .
3. I used to .................. stand on my head but I can't do it now.
4. Ask Ann about  your  problem. She should ............... help you.
5. I ... speak five languages.

Execise 2

Complete the sentences with could, was/were able to or couldn't !1. He had hurt his leg, so he...walk very well.
2. She wasn't at home when I phoned but I ... contact her  at her office .
3. I looked very carefully and I ...  see a figure in the distance.
4. They didn't have any tomatoes in the first shop I went to, but  I ........................ get some in the next shop.
5. My grandmother loved music. She ........................... play the piano very well.

Answer 1

1. Tom can drive but he hasn't got a car.
2.  I can 't understand martin. I've never been able to  understand him .
3. I used to be able to stand on my head but I can't do it now.
4. Ask Ann about  your  problem. She should be able to help you.
5. I can speak five languages.

Answer 2

1. He had hurt his leg, so he couldn't walk very well.
2. She wasn't at home when I phoned but I was able to contact her  at her office .
3. I looked very carefully and I could  see a figure in the distance.
4. They didn't have any tomatoes in the first shop I went to, but  I was able to get some in the next shop.
5. My grandmother loved music. She could play the piano very well.






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Idioms

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Idioms

Above all Mainly, especially He is good at all subjects at school, above all, in Literature. 
All at once suddenly 
All day long The entire day, continuously through the day 
All of a sudden Suddenly All of a sudden a creature appeared at the back door of the bungalow. 
All right Satisfactory, correct 
All the same  Regardless of what has been said;also, to be equal, the same, to make no difference 
As a matter of fact In fact, really 
As to  concerning, with reference to 
As usual As always, customarily 
As yet  Up to the present time  
At all ( usually with not ) To any degree, in the least  I don't have any money at all right now. 
At first Originally, in the first instance 
At last Finally 
At least A minimum of  You have to walk at least for two hours a day. 
At once  Immediately, very soon, right away 
At times Sometimes, occasionally At times my mother feels better but then she becomes weak again. 
By heart By memory We must learn the poem by heart. 
By oneself Alone 
By the way  Incidentally 
Day in, day out day after day  Daily , continuosly 
Every so often Occasionally, every now and then 
For good Permanently, forever Sue has returned to Boston for good. 
For the time being For the present, temporarily For the time being we are living with our parents. Next year, we are going to move to our new house. 
Had better It is advisable to, it would be better to. Most often used in contracted form such as I'd better, you 'd better, she'd better, he'd better, we'd better, they 'd better.  
In a hurry Hurried, in a rush I'm in a hurry to catch the bus. I don't want to miss it. 
In the long run Finally, after a long period of time In the long run, your friend can be your best partner. 
In time within or sometime before an appointed time or a deadline 
In vain useless, without result 
Little by little Gradually, by degrees, slowly 
Never mind  Do not mind, do not bother or pay any attention 
No matter  Regadless of 
Now and then occasionally 
Off and on Irregularly, ocassionally They go off and on.to see their parents. 
Once in a while  occasionally, now and then 
On purpose  Purposely, intentionally 
On time Exactly at or before an appointed time 
Out of date  No longer available, current, or in use  
Out of order Not in working condition Most of the public phone in this town are out of order. Nobody maintains them. 
Over and over  Repeatedly 
Quite a few  many 
Right away Immediately, at once, very soon 
Right here, Right there, Right now etc Exactly here, exactly there, immediately 
So far Up to the present time So far he has treated me well. 
Something the matter nothing the matter  Something wrong nothing wrong 
Tired out  Extremely tired 
To be about to To be on the point of, ready 
To be becoming To suit, favor in appearance The dress is very becoming to you. 
To be better off  To be in a better condition or situation  
To be bound for somewhere To be going in a certain direction 
To be bound to Be certain to, sure to 
To be bound to Be certain to, sure to 
To become of To happen to (of someone or something missing ) What has become of my Samsung Galaxy? It's gone. 
To be in charge of To manage be responsible for 
To be in the way  Blocking or obstructing, thus causing inconvenience 
To be named after: To be given at birth the same name as another 
To be out of the question To be imposible 
To be over To be finished, to be ended 
To be up To be ended ( of a time ) 
To be up to someone  To depend on the decision of someone It's up to you whether we buy this house. 
To be used to To be accustomed to 
To be well off  To be rich, well to do 
To blow out: To explode, go flat said generally of tires  
To blow up To destroy by Explosion, to explode 
To break down To stop functioning said generally of motors and similar mechanical objects 
To break in To adjust through usage of something which is new and stiff, To train a new employee 1.Just try to break in a new car slowly by driving carefully. 2. After our office boy is broken in, everything will be alright. 
To break out  To occur suddenly 
To bring up: To rear, raise from childhood;also to present for attention or consideration 
To burn down  To burn to the ground 
To burn out  To stop functioning, become useless said of electrical equipment 
To burn up To burn completely 
To call down To reprimand, scold 
To call for To come to an office, home etc, in order to get someone or something  I'm going to call for my girlfriend at her house tomorrow morning. 
To call off To cancel The football match was called off due to security reasons. 
To call on To visit 
To call up To telephone Please call up the police when you see the wanted man! 
To catch cold To become sick with a cold Don't go out in the rain! Otherwise, you'll catch cold. 
To catch fire To begin to burn Nobody knew how the market caught the fire. 
To change one's mind To alter one's decision or opinion I have changed my mind. I don't like you anymore. 
To come from To originate in ( to refer to one's home district ) 
To come to To revive, to regain consciousness My wife finally came to after she had fainted for two hours. 
To come to To revive, to regain consciousness My wife finally came to after she had fainted for two hours. 
To come true To prove to be true or correct 
To count on To depend upon Don't count on him to do this job. He isn't reliable. 
To cross out To cancel ( often by marking with crosses ) I finally crossed out the most important line of my love letter. 
To cross out To cancel ( often by marking with crosses ) I finally crossed out the most important line of my love letter. 
To cut off  To remove by cutting the ends also to terminate abruptly 
To cut off Tear off break off bite off chew off,etc. 
To cut out  A. to remove by cutting; b. to stop doing something 
To cut up  To break up to chop up to chew up, etc. 
To do over To repeat 
To do without To get along without, to forego 
To drive up to / to go up to / to walk up to / to run up to: To approach 
To fall in love To begin to love 
To feel like To have the desire to I feel like going out tonight. How about you? 
To feel sorry for To pity, feel compassion for 
To figure out  To calculate, To study carefully in order To understand 
To fill out  To complete said of blanks, etc  
To find fault with To criticize Don't find fault with others. 
To find out To get information, discover, learn 
To get along To do, succeed, make progress  
To get along with  To live or work harmoniously with 
To get back To return My husband got back from Copenhagen last night. 
To get better, worse, etc To become better, worse etc 
To get in touch with To communicate with 
To get lost; To lose one's direction become lost 
To get off To leave , to descend from I got off the bus and ran to school. 
To get on To enter or to board Dai always gets on the bus at the station. 
To get over To recover from I can't get over the loss of my beloved wife. I cry and I cry and I cry. 
To get rid of To become free of, to escape from Those salesman are not easy to get rid of. 
To get sick, well, tired, wet, busy, etc To become sick, well, tired, wet, busy , etc 
To get through  To finish 
To get to To arrive at a place, home, work, etc. I couldn't get to the office on time because I had an accident. 
To get up  To arise, To move from a lying, To a standing position 
To get used to  To become used or adjusted to 
To give up To surrender, to renounce One of our competitor gave up after attacking us wildly. 
To go around Be sufficient for everyone 
To go around Be sufficient for everyone 
To go off A. to explode; b. To leave suddenly 
To go on  To continue, proceed 
To go out  To leave also to cease burning 
To go up in smoke To come to no practical result My effort to get the highest score in the final exam went up in smoke when I found out that I couldn't answer more than ten out of forty questions. 
To go with To go out together, to keep company with ( have dates) 
To go with  To match, harmonize in color or desiqn 
To grow out of To outgrow , become too large and mature for 
To hand in: To submit or deliver something which is due 
To hang up To place upon a hook or coat hanger, to replace the telephone in its cradle Don't hang up the phone! I can give you an explanation! 
To have a good time To enjoy oneself, pass a period of time pleasantly 
To have charge of, take charge of To have or to take management of, to have or take responsibility for, attend to  
To have got:  To have, to possess 
To have got to do something : To have to do something,must See note above on use of got with have 
To have on To be wearing He was robbed by the gang and had just shorts on. 
To have one's way to get one's own way  To do or obtain what one wishes, especially against opposition or contrary 
To have time off, to take time off To have free time, not to have to work We have to work for six days a week and have Sundays off. 
To hear from To receive news from I haven't heard from my wife since she left for Arab two years ago. 
To hear of To know about, to hear mention of Have you ever heard of John Lennon? 
To hold good: To remain valid or in force, continue to be good 
To hold on  To grasp , hold tightly to something also, to pause 
To hold still To remain quiet with moving  
To hold still To remain quiet with moving  
To hold up  A to rob at the point of a gun; b. to delay 
To keep an eye on  To watch, guard  
To keep house  To do the usual work of running a home cooking cleaning, etc 
To keep in mind to bear in mind Not to forget remember 
To keep in touch with To continue in communication with; see also to get in touch with, lesson 9, No. 4 
To keep on To continue We have to keep on walking until we reach the nearest village. 
To keep out, off, away from, etc To stay out, off, away from "Keep off the grass" 
To keep track of To keep or maintain a record of 
To keep up with  To maintain the same speed as 
To know by sight To recognize as a result of having seen someone previously 
To leave out To omit Please leave my name out of your list. 
To let go of  To release 
To lie down To recline, to take a lying position 
To look after To watch, to take care of I'll have to look after the house while my parents are away. 
To look at To direct the eyes toward, to watch 
To look for To search for, to seek 
To look forward to To expect, anticipate, usually pleasurably 
To look into To investigate, to examine carefully The police are looking into his death. 
To look out To be careful or cautious Look out for the motorcycle turning in your direction. 
To look over To examine After looking over my application letter, I sent it to the Company. 
To look up To search for a word, a price, etc especially in a dictionary Please don't look up your dictionary before you guess the meaning from its context. 
To look up To search for a word, a price, etc especially in a dictionary Please don't look up your dictionary before you guess the meaning from its context. 
To make clear To explain, to clarify After making everything clear, I can take her out again. 
To make friends To win or gain friends He can make friends with everyone very easily. He is friendly. 
To make fun of To laugh at, joke about 
To make good  To succeed 
To make good time To travel rapidly at good speed 
To make no difference  To be of equal importance 
To make sure To be sure, become sure or certain of 
To make the best of  To accept a bad situation cheer fully and to do the best that one can under the circum stances 
To make up one's mind To decide Please make up your mind! You want to go with us or not. 
To mix up, To be mixed up, to get mixed up To confuse, to be confused, to become confused We got mixed up in our directions, took the wrong turning and lost. 
To pay attention  To give attention To, place importance upon 
To pick out To choose, to select 
To pick up  To take especially with the fingers 
To play tricks on / To play jokes on To make someone the victim of a trick or a joke They tried to play tricks on the Minister but he was too clever for them. 
To point out To indicate 
To put away To set aside, to return something to its proper place Put your books away. It's time for dinner. 
To put off To postpone 
To put on To place on oneself ( clothes ) My girlfriend often puts on too much make up on her face. 
To put out To extinguish Please put out your cigarette here before you enter the room.  
To put together: To assemble 
To put up  To construct erect 
To put up with To tolerate 
To run away To leave without notice or permission 
To run errands To act as an errand boy , go to a store to buy thing 
To run out of To exhaust the supply of We ran out of gas in the middle of the jungle. 
To run over  To strike or pass over with a moving vehicle  
To see about To attend to, to take care of They are going to see about our accommodation. 
To see someone off To go to a plane, a ship, a train in order to say good-bye to someone) I was so sad to see my boyfriend off at the airport. 
To set fire to / to set on fire To start burning That crazy man set fire to his own bed. 
To shake hands To exchange greetings with a clasp of the hands We introduced each other and shook hands. 
To show off To display to excess one's ability or poses sions  
To shut off To stop something which runs, such as water , gas electrical current, etc. similar to turn off  
To shut up To close also to be quiet, stop talking  
To sit down  To take a sitting position after standing 
To stand to reason  To be clear and logocal 
To stand up To rise, to take an upright or standing position after being seated 
To take advantage of To use an opportunity, also to impose upon or to profit at the expense of another person  
To take after  To resemble a parent or close relative 
To take a look at To look at When I took a look at her, she smiled at me beautifully. 
To take apart: To separate the different parts of an object or mechanism 
To take a seat To sit down Come in and take a seat! 
To take a walk To go for a walk, to promenade Let's take a walk. It's a nice day. 
To take believe To pretend 
To take care of  To watch, give attention to 
To take charge of To assume direction or responsibility for; see also to be in charge of, lesson  
To take hold of To grasp 
To take into account To take into consideration We are going to take into account your proposal for two days. 
To take off To remove ( clothes ) She took off her coat because it's too hot in the room. 
To take one's time  To work or go leisurely, to avoid hurrying 
To take out To remove, extract The man took out a gun and shot wildly. 
To take part To participate Many people are not willing to take part in the General Election. 
To take pity on  To pity My son always takes pity on beggar he sees and he always gives them some money. 
To take place To happen, to occur The football match took place in Barcelona. 
To take someone by surprise: To surprise, come as unexpected 
To take someone for  To mistake a person for someone else 
To take something for granted To accept as true with out investigation 
To take something up with To consult generally with 
To take turn To alternate 
To take up To study , begin a course leading to a career 
To talk over  To discuss, to consider 
To tear down To demolish 
To tear up To tear completely into small pieces, to cancel 
To tell time To be able to know the hour by looking at a watch or clock. My four year old son can tell time. 
To tell two things or two persons apart to tell one from the other To distinguish between 
To think of To have an opinion about What did you think of the way he played football? 
To think over To consider carefully before making decision Let me think over your offer. I'll give you a call tomorrow. 
To think up : To invent, discover, find 
To throw away  To discard 
To try on To test, to try before buying clothes Try these shoes on before you buy them. 
To try out  To test, use during a trial period 
To turn around  To make a complete turn in order to face in the opposite direction 
To turn down To reduce in speed or volume, to reject 1. Turn down the cd player. It is too loud. 2. She's turned down my offer many times. 
To turn off To stop, to terminate 
To turn on To start She opened the door and turned on the light. 
To turn out To become or result, to eject He turned out to be the best artist in our country. 
To wait for To expect 
To wait on/upon To serve, to attend to-in a store or a shop The shop assistant waited on me nicely. 
To wake up To awaken 
To watch out for To look out for, guard against 
To wear out To become shabby and useless from wear  
Up to date  Timely , modern, brought up to the present time  
Used to  indicates an action or habit which continued for some period of time in the past but eventually ended 
Would rather  To prefer to 











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