Verbs + Object + Bare Infinitive


The following verbs are normally used with this pattern: 

Subject + Verbs + Object + Bare Infinitive (Infinitive without "to").

Let, Make, See, Hear, Feel, Watch, Notice, Have




Let, Make, See, Hear, Feel, Watch, Notice, Have in Sentences



 Verbs            Examples


  1. let
  2. make
  3. see
  4. hear 
  5. feel
  6. watch
  7. notice
  8. have




  1. Let me go.
  2. She made him cry.
  3. Don saw his son cross the road.
  4. Can you hear somebody walk outside our room?
  5. I can feel my heart beat loudly whenever I'm with you.
  6. The teachers are watching the students play football.
  7. Nobody noticed someone sneak into the corridor.
  8. The police had her tell the truth.

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Continuous Short Explanation

The Present Perfect Continuous Tense  is used to talk about a long action which began in the past and has recently stopped or just stopped. Let's see the following examples :
  • The woman  over there is bright red. I'm sure she's been sunbathing.
  • Why are your eyes red? What have you been doing?
The Present Perfect Continuous Tense is also used to ask or say how long something has been happening. The action began in the past and is still going on or has just stopped. Let's see the following examples :
  • It is raining now. It began to rain an hour ago and it is still raining. It has been raining for an hour.
  • I've been waiting for you for  two hours.
  • How long have you been living in Miami?
  • She's been crying for two hours.
The Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used with "how long", "for" and "since". Let's see the following examples :
  • I have been living in London since I was five.
  • I've been learning English since I was at Middle School.
  • How long have they been smoking ?
  • They have been wasting their money for thirty years.

Present Perfect Continuous Exercises

Write a good present perfect continuous tense based the situation given ! See the examples first !
  • George is hot and tired.  (he/play/football)       George has been playing football. 
1. Christian has just come back from the beach. He is very red. (he/lie/in the sun)

2. Grace is very tired. (she/work/hard)

3. Sue is out of breath. (she/run)

4. Jack is very drunk. (he/drink)

5. Brian's body smell cigarettes. (he/smoke)

Present Simple Exercises

In this exercise you have put the verb into the correct form.

Examples: Water boils (boils) at 100 degrees centigrade.
George doesn’t go (not/go) to the cinema very of then.
How many languages do you speak (you / speak) ? 

1. The swimming bath…………………(open) at 9.00 and ………………………(close) at 18.30 every day . 

2. What time ………………………….(the banks / close) in Britain? 

3. I have a car but I ……………………………(not / use) it very often. 

4. How many cigarettes…………………………(you/smoke) a day? 

5. What……………………………………………………(you / do )? I’m an electrical engineer.’ 

6. ‘Where …………………………………………………(your father / come ) from ?’ “He 

……………………………………………….(come) from Scotland.’ 

7. If you need money , why …………………………………. (you/not/get) a job? 

8. I…………………(play) the piano, but I………………………(not/play) very well. 

9. I don’t understand the word ‘deceive’ What …………………(‘deceive’ / mean ) ? 

In this exercise you have to read some sentences and correct them. the English is correct but the information is wrong . Write two correct sentences each time.

Example: The sun goes round the earth. The sun doesn’t go round the earth the earth goes round the sun 

1. The sun rises in the west . …………………………………………………………………………………

2. Mice catch cat. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 

3. Carpenters………………………………………………………………………………………………..........

4. The river Amazon flows into the pacific Ocean. …………………………………………… 

Now you have to use these sentences to make questions. Begin your question with the word(s) in brackets.

Examples: Tom plays tennis. (How often?)How often does Tom play tennis 
I get up in the morning .
 (What time / usually ?) What time do you usually get up 

1. Ann watches television. (How often) How often ……………………………………………

2. I write to my parent. ( How often?) How often……………………………………………

3. I have dinner in the evening?(What time / usually?)……………………………………

4. Tom works. (Where?) ……………………………………………………………………………………

5. I go to the cinema. (How often ) ………………………………………………………………… 

6. people do stupid things. (Why) …………………………………………………………………….. 

Download the exercises here!

Prepositions

Prepositions

The following words are prepositions :

about
above
across
after
against
along
among
around
at
before 
behind
below
beneath
beside
besides
between
beyond
by
despite
down
during
for
from
in
into
like
near
of
off
on
out
over
since
through
throughout
till
to
toward(s)
under
until
up
upon
with
within
without

Prepositional Phrases

A Prepositional phrase consists of 2 parts. They are a preposition and its object. The object of a preposition can be a noun or a pronoun. Let's see the following examples of prepositional phrases :
  1. at your house
  2. at home
  3. in the market
  4. in the afternoon
  5. at school
  6. to the bank
The underlined words are the prepositions, whereas the green-colored words are the object of prepositions.

Linking Verbs

Linking Verbs Explanation

Verbs that are immediately followed by an adjective are usually called "linking verbs". The adjective following a linking verb describes the subject of a sentence. Let's see the following examples :
  1. She looks beautiful.
  2. The soup tastes good.
The underlined words are linking verbs.

The Linking Verb List

The following verbs are the linking verbs.
  • appear
  • be (is, am are, was, were, been)
  • become
  • feel
  • get
  • grow (meaning "become")
  • look
  • seem
  • sound
  • taste
  • turn ( meaning "become")

The Linking Verbs in Sentences

Let's see some more examples of linking verbs in sentences.
  1. My mother is in the kitchen.
  2. She looks very busy.
  3. Sue has been very sad. Her father just passed away.
  4. This cake tastes delicious.
  5. A lot of people feel unhappy with the government.
  6. My girlfriend grows more and more beautiful each day.
The underlined words are linking verbs.

Please download the linking verb exercise here.

Exercise I


Going To Future Tense vs Future Simple

Going To Future Tense vs Future Simple

Both "going to" and "will" are used to talk about future actions but they are not exactly the same.
Let's see the difference :

"Will" is used when we decide to do something at the time of speaking. We have not decided before. Let's see the following example:

Ninda : My laptop is blinking. Can you fix it for me?
Prana : Certainly, but I'm busy at the moment. I'll fix it tomorrow.

"Going to" is used when we have already decided to do something. We have decided before the time of speaking.
Let's see the following example :

Wisnu : Can you fix Ninda's laptop? It's blinking.
Prana  : Yes, I know. She told me so. I'm going to fix it tomorrow.

Exercise

Will or Going To ?

1. Ann : I am thirsty.
    Jill   : Wait here. I  ... get some water for you.
2. Adi   : I've decided to change the color of this wall.
    Sue  : Oh, have you? What color ....(you/paint) it?
3. Dan  :  Are you going to the supermarket ?
    Amanda : Yes, I .... (buy) something for dinner.
4. Prana : What would you like to drink ?
   Edy    : I... ( have ) coffee, please.
5. Ben  : I don't know how to use this cellphone.
   Denny : It's easy. I ...show you.




Answer

  1. will
  2.  going to
  3.  going to
  4.  will
  5.  will

Present Perfect vs Past Simple

Present Perfect vs Past Simple

The Present Perfect is used to talk about an action that began in the past that continues up to the present, to say whether or not we ever do certain things in our life. Also, the Present Perfect is usually used with 'already', 'yet', 'ever', 'never'. The Present Perfect is not used if we want to express the exact time of the actions in the past. Let's see  the following examples:
  • I have read the book.
  • Have you ever seen a ghost?
  • I have never eaten snakes.
Totally different from the Present Perfect, the Past Simple is used to talk about actions or situations in the past. The Past Simple is often used with the exact time in the past. It does not continue up to the present. Let's see the following examples:
  • Last night I went to the nightclub. 
  • European reached Indonesia in the fifteenth century.
  • The bus left an hour ago.

Present Perfect vs Past Simple Exercises 

In this exercise you have to put verb into Present Perfect or Past Simple! Let's see the example first!
  • She  (wash) her hair. It looks so clean now.        She  has washed her hair. It looks so clean now.
1. I not (wash) my car for a month. It looks so dirty.
2. His hair is very short. He (have) a haircut.
3. My father (buy) a new notebook last week.
4. My girlfriend isn't here anymore. She (go) with another man.
5. Last night I (go) to bed late. I feel sleepy now.
6. When ...Portuguese (reach) Asia?
7. I am so hungry. I not (eat) anything yet.
8. My wife (work) in the bank for ten years now.
9. ...you ever (be) to Rome ?
10.I don't know my boyfriend's father. I ...never (meet) him.


Answer

1. I have not washed my car for a month. It looks so dirty.

2. His hair is very short. He has had a haircut.

3. My father bought a new notebook last week.

4. My girlfriend isn't here anymore. She has gone with another man.

5. Last night I went to bed late. I feel sleepy now.

6. When did Portuguese reach Asia?

7. I am so hungry. I have not eaten anything yet.

8. My wife has worked in the bank for ten years now.

9. Have you ever been to Rome ?

10.I don't know my boyfriend's father. I have never met him.

Verbs + Object + Bare Infinitive

The following verbs are normally used with this pattern:  Subject + Verbs + Object + Bare Infinitive ( Infinitive  without "to"...