Word Order In English Sentences

Word Order Explanation

When we make a sentence in English, we normally follow the following order. Subject + Verb + Object + Adverb Of Place + Adverb Of Time. Let's see the following example.

 Subject  Verb  Object  Manner  Place  Time
The boy   studies  English  well  at school  every day.
 The maid  cleans   the house  thoroughly    every morning.
 John  works    hard    every day.
 Mary  will get married to  George      tomorrow.

Verb + Object 

The verb and the object of the verb normally go together. We do not usually put other words between them.
 Verb + Object
  • Susan likes children very much. (not 'Susan likes very much children.')
  • Did you watch football match yesterday?
  • Ann often sees him
  • Do you clean the house every week-end? (not 'Do you clean every week-end the house?')

 Place and Time 

We usually say the place  before the time.
  place + time
  • Paul walks to school every morning. (not ' Paul walks every morning to school.')
  • She has been in Copenhagen since May.
  • We arrived at the airport early.
  • I'm going to Paris to Monday. (not 'I'm going on Monday to Paris.')

Adverb Of Time At The Beginning Of A Sentence

We can put the time at the beginning of the sentence.
  • On Sunday I'm going to Paris.
  • Every morning Paul walks to school.
Note that you cannot use early or late at the beginning of the sentence in this  way.  

Adverbs Before Verbs

A lot of adverbs are put before verbs. 
  • always
  • also
  • sometimes
  • possibly
  • probably
  • often
  • seldom
  • never
  • hardly ever
  • almost
  • still
  • definitely
  • certainly
  • even
  • only
Let's see the following sentences.
  1. Paul always walks to school.
  2. I also walk to school.
  3. He often asks me to go together.
  4. We never go to school by car.

Adverbs After The First Verb

When there are more than one verb, we usually put an adverb after the first verb. Let's see the following examples.
  1. I can never forget her. ( can = the first verb, forget = the second verb )
  2. She has always loved him. ( has = the first verb, loved = the second verb.)
  3. This house has probably been neglected.

Exercise I

Arrange the sentences into the correct order.

  1. her-very-likes-John-much
  2. nicely-Mary-talk-can-everyone-to
  3. guide-our-English-spoke-fluently

Exercise II

In this exercise you have to choose the sentence with the correct word order in each number.
  1. a. She often goes to work by car.   b. She goes often to work by car.
  2. a. She has always kept her secret.  b. She always has kept her secret.
  3. a. I only can give you this book.      b. I can only give you this book.
  4. a. I never will forget her.                b. I will never forget her.
  5. a. She will probably come back.       b. She probably will come back.

English Grammar Books

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