Past Perfect


Past Perfect Short Explanation

The Past Perfect is used to say that something had already happened before something else happened in the past. Let's see the following examples :
  • When I arrived at the party, John had already gone home.
  • Paul didn't want to come to Venice with us because he had already been to Venice twice.
The Past Perfect is also the past form of the Present Perfect.  Let's see the following examples :
  • I'm not thirsty. I've just had a drink. ( the Present Perfect)
  • I wasn't thirsty. I'd just had a drink. ( the Past Perfect)
Let's see  other examples :
  • The boy is so thin. He hasn't eaten good food for months. ( the Present Perfect)
  • The boy was so thin. He hadn't eaten good food for months. ( the Past Perfect)
The Past Perfect is formed by had + the past participle. The past participle is mostly from Verb I (the infinitive) + d or ed. Let's see the following table:
 Verb I
(the infinitive)
 Verb III
the past participle
 Verb I
(the infinitive)
 Verb III
the past participle
 die
 enjoy
 invite
 work
 stop
 died
 enjoyed
 invited
 worked
 stopped
 arrive
 walk
 want
 need
 like
 arrived
 walked
 wanted
 needed
 liked

Some of the past participle  are irregular. They do not end in d or -ed. Let's see the following table.
 Verb I
(the infinitive)
 Verb II
 Verb I
(the infinitive)
 Verb II
 buy
 catch
 get
 go
 leave
 meet

 bought
 caught
 got
 gone
 left
 met
 see
 sell
 take
 teach
 tear
 tell
 
 seen
 sold
 taken
 taught
 torn
 told

See more irregular verbs here.

Past Perfect Exercises

In this exercises you have to make sentences using the words in the bracket. See the following example first !
  • I wasn't hungry. ( I-just-have-lunch ) ................... I had just had lunch.

  1. We arrived at the football field late. ( the match-already-begin) .............................
  2. Tony and Sally weren't eating when I came.             ( they-finish-their-lunch) ..................
  3. The house was very quiet when I got home.             ( everybody-go-to-bed) ........................
  4. Jill wasn't at home when I arrived. ( she-just-go-out)  ......................
  5. I didn't recognize Mrs. Taylor. ( she-change-a lot )     .................................




Subpages (1): Exercise Key
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