Countable Nouns


Countable Noun Explanation

Countable nouns are things we can count.  So, there are singular countable nouns and plural countable nouns. Let's see the following examples.

 Singular Countable Nouns  Plural Countable Nouns
cat
umbrella
job 
suggestion
girl
website
car
son
boy
sister
brother
cats
umbrellas
jobs
suggestions
girls
websites
cars
sons
boys
sisters
brothers


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Indefinite Articles Before Singular Countable Nouns

Before singular countable nouns you can use a / an. Let's see the following examples.

  1. That's a good suggestion.
  2. I've been waiting for you for an hour.
  3. Bring an umbrella with you. It's raining outside.
  4. I've got a headache.

Singular Countable Nouns Cannot Be Used Without Article

We cannot use singular countable nouns alone (without a/ the / my etc. ). Let's see the following examples.
  1. I'm looking for a job. ( not 'I'm looking for job' )
  2. I have a car. ( not 'I have car.' )
  3. Have you got a lighter, please ? ( not 'Have you got lighter, please?')
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Talking About Things In General  Using Plural Countable Nouns

We must use plural countable nouns without a, an, some etc. to say things in general. Let's see the following examples.
  1. I love mangoes.
  2. Girls are more loving than boys.
  3. Some people are more wicked than animals.

Talking About Specific Things Using Plural Countable Nouns

When we are talking about specific things, we usually use the, some, these,  those, my, her, his, number ( two, three, four,  etc.)  before plural countable nouns. Let's see the following examples.
  1. I've downloaded some songs.
  2. They are my classmates.
  3. The cats belong to me.   ( see definite article here. )
  4. Do you like these cars?
  5. We need five eggs.
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Exercise

In this exercise you have to give a simple definition / description to the following words.

Example    : a dog ? It is ..........
You write  : A dog is an animal.

  1. an eel? It is .........
  2. Japan, Indonesia, Colombia, Mexico, Brazil? They are ................
  3. Tigers, lions, dogs, snakes ? They are ................
  4. John Lennon, Elvis Presley, Bob Dylan ? They were ..........
  5. a kiwi? It is ..........
  6. a walrus? It is ............
  7. Krakatoa? It is ..........
  8. Gothenburg? It is ...........
  9. A, B, C, D, E ? They are .......
  10. Indigo, cyan, beige, turquoise? They are ..........

Grammar Books


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