Comparative And Superlative Adjectives



Comparative And Superlative Adjective Explanation

We can use adjectives for comparing two things or more. 

Kinds Of Comparison

There are three degrees of comparison. They are :
  • Superlative
  • Comparative
  • Superlative
Let's see the following tables of those three comparisons.
 Positive  Comparative  Superlative
 bright    
 tall
 important
 brighter
 taller
 more important
 brightest
 tallest
 most important

Comparative And Superlative For One Syllable Adjectives

We can form comparative and superlative of one syllable adjectives by putting er or est at the end of the adjectives. Let's see the following examples.
 Positive  Comparative  Superlative
 small
 high
 sharp
 hard
 light
 smaller
 higher
 sharper
 harder
 lighter
 smallest
 highest
 sharpest
 hardest
 lightest 

One Syllable Adjectives Ending In 'e'

At the end of adjectives ending in e, we just put r or st. Let's see the following tables.

 Positive  Comparative  Superlative
 safe
 brave
 nice
 fine
 ripe
 safer
 braver
 nicer
 finer
 riper
 safest
 bravest
 nicest
 finest
 ripest

Comparative And Superlative For Three Or More Syllable Adjectives

We can form comparative and superlative of three or more syllable adjectives by putting more or most before the adjectives. Let's see the following examples.
 Positive  Comparative  Superlative
 interesting
 important
 frightening
 amusing
 expensive
 more interesting
 more important
 more frightening
 more amusing
 more expensive
 most interesting
 most important
 most frightening
 most amusing
 most expensive

Two Syllable Adjectives Ending In y, er, ly

For two syllable adjectives ending in y, er, ly, we normally put er or est at the end of the adjectives.

 Positive  Comparative  Superlative
 happy
 funny
 clever
 silly
 pretty
 early
 noisy
 quiet
 happier
 funnier
 cleverer
 sillier
 prettier
 earlier
 noisier
 quieter
 happiest
 funniest
 cleverest
 silliest
 prettiest
 earliest
 noisiest
 quietest

Note : y becomes i.

Two Syllable Adjectives Ending In ful And re

For two syllable adjectives ending in ful and re, we normally put more or most before the adjectives.

 Positive  Comparative  Superlative
 doubtful
 obscure
 often
 more doubtful
 more obscure
 more often
 most doubtful
 most obscure
 most often

Irregular Comparative And Superlative Adjectives

Some adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative form. Let's see the following table.

 Positive  Comparative  Superlative
 bad
 far
 good
 little
 many/much
 old
 worse
 farther/further
 better
 less
 more
 older/elder
 worst
 farthest/furthest
 best
 least
 most
 oldest/eldest

The Difference Between Farther And Further

Further is usually used for abstract nouns to mean additional/extra. Let's see the following examples.
  • further information
  • further discussion
  • further instructions
  • further demands
Farther is usually used for physical distance. Let's see the following examples.
  • From Hongkong, Jakarta is farther than Kuala Lumpur.
  • My school is farther than my father's office.

The Difference Between Older And Elder

Older implies age comparison, while elder implies seniority. Elder is mainly used for comparisons within a family. Let's see the following examples.
  • my elder brother
  • his eldest son
  • John is older than George.

Comparative Adjective In Sentences

We usually compare two things with comparative adjectives. In this case we usually use than. Let's see the following examples.
  • The new governor is closer to his people than the older one.
  • Corruption is more dangerous than bomb blasts.
  • The boy is stronger than I expected.

Superlative Adjectives In Sentences

We usually compare three or more things/people with superlative adjectives. In this case, we usually use the...in/of/on. Let's see the following examples.
  • He is the richest man on earth.
  • This is the best wine I have ever drunk.
  • This is the oldest building in Paris.
  • This is the hottest month of the year.
  • We stay in one of the nicest room in the hotel.
  • What is the highest mountain in the world?

Exercise I

In this exercise you have to choose the right comparative or superlative adjectives in the bracket to complete the sentences.
  1. My girlfriend is ( taller, the tallest ) than me.
  2. I'm ( younger, the youngest ) of the family.
  3. Can you visit me ( oftener, more often ) ?
  4. It's ( more expensive, the most expensive ) house I've ever seen.
  5. What is ( larger, the largest ) city in your country?

Exercise II

In this exercise you have to complete the sentences with the superlative and its preposition.
Example   : It's a very expensive hotel.   ..................................in town.
You write : It's the most expensive hotel in town.
  1. It's a very cheap jacket. ................................I've ever bought.
  2. It's a very large bedroom. ...............................I've ever slept in.
  3. She's a very beautiful girl. ...............................at school.
  4. He's a very good player.  ..............................of the team.
  5. It's a very beautiful city. ..............................in Norway.

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