Adverbs



Adverb Explanation

Adverbs are words that describe or qualify the meaning of verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Some adverbs are also used to describe clauses or sentences. Some adverbs are usually words that answer questions with how.

Kinds Of Adverbs

There are eight kinds of adverbs. Let's see the following tables.
 Kinds Of Adverbs  Examples
Adverbs of manner

Adverbs of place

Adverbs of time

Adverbs of frequency


Sentence Adverbs

Adverbs of degree

Adverbs of interrogative

Adverbs of relative
quickly, bravely, fast, happily, hard, well
by, down, there, here, up, near, far, high
now, soon, still, then, today, tomorrow, yet
always, ever, never, occasionally, often, once, sometimes, twice
certainly, definitely, luckily, surely
fairly, hardly, rather, quite, too, very
when? where? why? how?

when, where, why

Adverbs Of Manner

Adverbs of manner are usually used to describe in what way something is done. Let's see the following examples.
  • She can sing beautifully.
  • The little boy can run fast.
  • He studies his lesson lazily.
  • She said goodbye to me sadly.
  • She said goodbye sadly to the whole members of the community.
  • She sadly said goodbye to me.
  • She sadly goodbye to the whole members of the community.
  • All passengers flying to Copenhagen are kindly requested to wait in Gate Number Ten.
  • He kindly offered me to take his seat.
  • The man generously treated us a drink.
  • I'm sorry I have to write my resignation letter before I promote you.

Adverbs Of Place

Adverbs of place are usually used to describe the location/place. Let's see the following examples.
  • Please sit down here.
  • I saw her standing there.
  • The birds are flying so high.
  • The durians fell down.

Adverbs Of Time

Adverbs of time are usually put at the beginning or at the end of a sentence / a clause. Let's see the following examples.
  • Finally my father gave up smoking.
  • My father gave up smoking finally.
  • I'll post it tomorrow.
  • We'll soon deliver your order.
  • We have recently received your mail.
  • We'll fix the problem immediately.
  • He hasn't finished reading the book yet.
  • I'm still loving you.

Adverbs Of Frequency

Adverbs of frequency are usually used to describe how often something is done. Let's see the following examples.
  • The students always come in time for school.
  • I'll never mean to hurt you.
  • She is always happy to be with me.
  • The 9 year old boy sometimes has to work for food.
  • She often calls me  when she misses me at night.
  • I will always love you.

Sentence Adverbs

These adverbs are usually used to modify the whole sentence/clause. It is also used to express opinion. Let's see the following examples.
  • Actually he doesn't love her. He just wants her money.
  • Perhaps she doesn't realize it.
  • He is possibly cunning.
  • Fortunately her father begins to suspect him of it.
  • Finally he is sure of it.
  • Certainly he is going to let his daughter know about it.
  • Honestly he is going to tell her what he is sure of.

Adverbs Of Degree

Adverbs of degree are used to modify adjectives or other adverbs. They are usually put before the adjectives or adverbs. Let's see the following examples.
  • It's almost done.
  • You're absolutely right.
  • The man drives the car too fast.
  • He can speak English far better than me.

Interrogative Adverbs

The followings are interrogative adverbs :
  • when  : ( at what time? )
  • where : ( in what place? )
  • why    : ( for what reasons? )
  • how    : ( in what way? )
Let's use them in sentences.
  • When do you usually go to work?  | At 7.30.
  • Where were you born? | I was born in Copenhagen.
  • why did you that lazy man?
  • How did you come here? | By bus.

Relative Adverbs

Let's see relative adverbs (when, where, why) in sentences.
  • The city where we live is beautiful.
  • I don't know why she left me.
  • My grandfather forgot when he married my grandmother.

The Order Of Adverbs of Manner, Place and Time

When we use three adverbs of manner, place and time in one sentence. We usually follow the following rules. 
Manner + Place + Time
Let's see the following examples.
  • We always live happily anywhere any time.
  • They were waiting anxiously the whole night.
  • I will be home tonight.

The Position Of Adverbs In Two or More Word Verbs

We sometimes use two or more verbs in a sentence. In this case we usually put the adverb after the first part of the verb. Let's see the following examples.
  • My father doesn't always have to work on Saturdays.
  • My car has probably been fixed.
  • She has never seen her mother. 
  • After her mother's death, she has always lived with her grandmother.
Note : The adverbs are printed in green. The verbs are underlined.

Exercise

In this exercise you have to complete the sentences with the adverbs provided.

      well   fast    happily   hard   tomorrow
  1. They lived .... ever after.
  2. Don't work too ....
  3. She can speak English ....
  4. I'm going to post it ... morning.
  5. The little boy can run very ....

Grammar Books



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