Adjectives Ending In -Ing and -ed


Adjectives Ending In -ing and -ed

Adjectives ending in -ing and -ed have different meaning. Let's see the following examples:

Sue has been doing the same job for a very long time. Every day she does exactly the same thing again and again. She doesn't enjoy it any more and would like to do something different.

Sue's job is boring.
Sue is bored ( with her job).

Someone is -ed if something (or someone) is ing. or, if something is -ing, it makes you -ed. So:

Sue is bored because her job is boring.
Sue's job is boring, so Sue is bored. ( not ' Sue is boring')

Someone is interested because something  ( or someone) is interesting.
Paul is interested in music.  (not  'interesting in music')
Paul finds music interesting.
Are you interested in buying the house?
Did you meet anyone interesting at the party?

Someone is surprised because something is surprising.

Everyone was surprised that the boy could lift up that heavy stone.
It was quite surprising that the boy could lift up that heavy stone.

Someone is disappointed because something is disappointing.

The coach was disappointed with the team's performance. He expected it to play much better.
The team's performance was disappointing. The coach expected it to play much better.

Someone is tired because something is tiring.
He is always very tired when he gets home from work.
He has a very tiring job.

For your reference, we provide you with the most popular adjectives ending in 'ing' and 'ed'.

fascinating                    
exciting                    
amusing
amazing
astonishing
shocking
disgusting
embarrassing
confusing
horrifying
terrifying
frightening
depressing
worrying
annoying
exhausting
satisfying

fascinated
excited
amused
amazed
astonished
shocked
disgusted
embarrassed
confused
horrified
horrified
frightened
depressed
worried
annoyed
exhausted
satisfied

Exercise

Choose the right adjective in the bracket.
  1. The room has not been cleaned. It is ( disgusting, disgusted).
  2. Are you ( interesting, interested ) in politics?
  3. We have played tennis for two hours so we are ( tiring, tired ) now.
  4. If you do the same thing every day, you will feel ( boring, bored ).
  5. I'm going to Alaska for the first time. I'm very ( exciting, excited ) about it.
  6. I have to work for 12 hours a day. This job is really ( exhausting, exhausted ). 
  7. The audience were ( amusing, amused ). The joker was really funny.
  8. Borrowing money from people is ( embarrassing, embarrassed ) to me.
  9. The Krakatoa eruption in 1884 was ( horrifying, horrified ). Thousands of people died in minutes.
  10. The boy was ( frightened, frightening ) of the sound of the thunder. He kept on crying.

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