Adjective Adverb


Adjective And Adverb Explanation

Adjectives and adverbs have different function in sentences. Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. Adverbs are words that describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Adverbs are usually words that answer questions with how.

Adjective

An adjective tell us more about a noun . We  use adjectives  before nouns  and after verbs be (is, am, are, was, were, been ), get, become, look, seem, smell, taste, feel. Let's see the following examples.

  • Ringo is a quiet boy. ( before noun )
  • Be careful, please! ( after be )
  • We didn’t go out because of the heavy  rain. ( before noun )
  • I was happy that she was home last night. ( after be )
  • The food smells good. ( after smell )
  • The teacher looks angry because of that naughty boy. ( after looks, before noun ).

Adjective Ending In ly 

Some adjectives  end  in –ly . Let's see the following example.

  • friendly
  • lively
  • elderly
  • lonely
  • silly
  • lovely
  • happy
  • ready

Adverb

Most adverbs tell us about a verb, an adjective or another adverbs. Let's see the following examples.

  • Come quickly ! ( It tells us about the verb come ).
  • She is seriously ill. ( It tells us about the adjective ill).
  • Jane learns Spanish incredibly quickly. ( It tells us about another adverb quickly).

Most adverbs are made from an adjective + ly. Let's see the following examples :

 Adjective  Adverb
 quick
 serious
 careful
 quiet
 heavy
 bad
 terrible
 probable
 reasonable
 incredible
quickly
seriously
carefully
quietly
heavily
badly
terribly
probably
reasonably
incredibly


Note : If an adjective ends in -le ( probable, terrible etc. ), we leave out e and add ly for the adverb.


Irregular Adverbs

Some adverbs are not made from adjective + ly. Let's see the following examples.

 Adjective  Adverb
 good
 fast
 late
 hard
 well
 fast
 late
 hard

Examples in sentences :

  • She is a good writer.  She can write well.
  • He is a fast learner. He can learn anything fast.
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The Meaning Of hardly and lately.

Hardly means almost not. Let's see the following examples.
  • My grandfather is very old. He can hardly walk. 
  • We've hardly got anything to eat.
Hardly ever means almost never. Let's see the following examples.
  • I hardly ever go out at night.
Lately means recently. Let's see the following examples.
  • I have never seen your girlfriend lately.


Adverbs Before Past Participles.

We can use an adverb before a past participle (injured, organised, damaged etc. ). Let's see the following examples.

  • The meeting  was  very badly organised.
  • The car was seriously damaged in the accident.
  • The house was totally destroyed in the explosion. 

Adjective Adverb Exercise

In this exercise you have to choose the right word in the bracket.
  1. He is a ( careful, carefully ) driver.
  2. She can speak English ( fluent, fluently ).
  3. Lionel is very ( good, well ) at playing football.
  4. Ronaldo can play football very ( good, well ).
  5. The car can run ( extreme, extremely ) fast.

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