Active Passive Voice


Active Pasive Voice Explanation

We usually use a passive sentence for the following reasons :

   It is not important who or what did the action. Example : This castle was built in 1555.

We want to highlight who or what did the action so that we put the actor at the end of the sentence preceded by by. Example : This house was built by my grandfather.

Different To Be In Passive Voice

In passive sentences we use different form of to be ( is, am, are, was, were, be, been ) followed by verb III ( the past participle ).  It depends on the tense used in the sentence.  Let’s see the following examples :

  1. I am invited to the meeting.
  2. The floor has just been mopped.
  3. The house is being built.
  4. The car was totally damaged.
  5. This thing can be removed.
  6. This laptop has to be upgraded.

See the irregular past participles here.

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Passive Voice In Present Tense ( Simple / Progressive )

Active Sentences

Passive Sentences

She  mops the floor every day.

They do not provide courtesy buses anymore.

He is painting the house.

We always welcome you.


The floor is mopped every day.

Courtesy buses are not provided anymore.

The house is being painted.

 You are always welcome.

 

 

Passive Voice In Past Tense ( Simple / Progressive )

Active Sentences

Passive Sentences

She wrote a letter last night.

I invited John and Grace to the party.

She didn't invite me to the party.

My brother was cleaning the house when I came home.

They were cutting the trees when the police came.

 

A letter was written last night.

John and Grace were invited to the party.

I was not invited to the party.

The house was being cleaned when I came home.

The trees were being cut when the police came.

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Passive Voice In Present Perfect Tense ( Simple / Progressive )

Active Sentences

Passive Sentences

I have fulfilled the requirements.

She has sent the letter.

The manager has granted your request. 


The requirements have been fulfilled.

The letter has been sent.

Your request has been granted.

Passive Voice In The Past Perfect Tense

Active Sentences

Passive Sentences

Somebody had cleaned the room before we came here.

Somebody had removed the rock.

The room had been cleaned before we came here.

 The rock had been removed.

 

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Passive Voice With Modals

Active Sentences

Passive Sentences

We can solve the problem.

Somebody will help you.

I should improve my performance.

You may need my assistance.

Everybody must leave her alone.

The problem can be solved.

You will be helped.

My performance should be improved.

My assistance may be needed.

She must be left alone.


 

Passive Voice With Going To

Active Sentences

Passive Sentences

I’m going to sell my notebook.

They are going to renovate the house.


My notebook is going to be sold.

The house is going to be renovated.

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Passive Voice With Modal + have + Past Participle

Active Sentences

Passive Sentences

I should have told her.

Somebody must have stolen my bike.

She should have been told.

My bike must have been stolen.


 

Passive Voice With To Infinitive

  1. This problem has to be solved as soon as possible.
  2. She wanted to be left alone.

Passive Voice With get

  1. My sister got offered the job. (=My sister was offered the job.)
  2. Three soldiers got killed. (=Three soldiers were killed.)

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Passive Voice Exercise-Determining To Be

In this exercise you have to complete the passive sentences using the correct to be (is, am, are, be, was, were, been).

  1. I told the hotel receptionist I wanted to ..... woken up at 6.00. 
  2. He's broke now. His house will .... sold.
  3. All the invitation letters have ..... sent.
  4. I ...... born in winter.
  5. More than a hundred thousand people .... killed in that disaster.
  6. My father is searching for his missing wallet. It can't ... found anywhere.
  7. This notice ... written in German Language.
  8. You don't have to tip the waiter. Service ..... included in the bill.
  9. The two thieves have ... arrested by the police.
  10. The table is ........cleaned at the moment.

Changing Active Into Passive Sentence Exercise

In this exercise you have to change the sentences into passive.

Example : Somebody cleans this room every day.

              This room is cleaned every day.

  1. Somebody shot The Prime Minister yesterday.  ..............................
  2. Somebody will invite you to the meeting. ......................................
  3. Somebody has reported the accident to the police. ........................
  4. Somebody delivers milk to us every morning. .................................
  5. Somebody has parked this car in front of our house ........................

Making Passive Sentence Exercise

In this exercise you have to make passive sentences based on the words in the bracket. Example :  ( The house - build - 1879 )

               You write :    The house was built in 1879.

  1. ( The first digital computer - invent - 1937) ..........................
  2. ( Albert Einstein - bear - Germany ) ...............................................
  3. ( The new hotel - open - next year ) .............................................
  4. ( Children - not allow - into the club ) ...........................................
  5. ( This car - sell - by your son - last month ) ...................................

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